omap2+: add drm device
[pandora-kernel.git] / scripts / checkpatch.pl
1 #!/usr/bin/perl -w
2 # (c) 2001, Dave Jones. (the file handling bit)
3 # (c) 2005, Joel Schopp <jschopp@austin.ibm.com> (the ugly bit)
4 # (c) 2007,2008, Andy Whitcroft <apw@uk.ibm.com> (new conditions, test suite)
5 # (c) 2008-2010 Andy Whitcroft <apw@canonical.com>
6 # Licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL License version 2
7
8 use strict;
9
10 my $P = $0;
11 $P =~ s@.*/@@g;
12
13 my $V = '0.32';
14
15 use Getopt::Long qw(:config no_auto_abbrev);
16
17 my $quiet = 0;
18 my $tree = 1;
19 my $chk_signoff = 1;
20 my $chk_patch = 1;
21 my $tst_only;
22 my $emacs = 0;
23 my $terse = 0;
24 my $file = 0;
25 my $check = 0;
26 my $summary = 1;
27 my $mailback = 0;
28 my $summary_file = 0;
29 my $show_types = 0;
30 my $root;
31 my %debug;
32 my %ignore_type = ();
33 my @ignore = ();
34 my $help = 0;
35 my $configuration_file = ".checkpatch.conf";
36
37 sub help {
38         my ($exitcode) = @_;
39
40         print << "EOM";
41 Usage: $P [OPTION]... [FILE]...
42 Version: $V
43
44 Options:
45   -q, --quiet                quiet
46   --no-tree                  run without a kernel tree
47   --no-signoff               do not check for 'Signed-off-by' line
48   --patch                    treat FILE as patchfile (default)
49   --emacs                    emacs compile window format
50   --terse                    one line per report
51   -f, --file                 treat FILE as regular source file
52   --subjective, --strict     enable more subjective tests
53   --ignore TYPE(,TYPE2...)   ignore various comma separated message types
54   --show-types               show the message "types" in the output
55   --root=PATH                PATH to the kernel tree root
56   --no-summary               suppress the per-file summary
57   --mailback                 only produce a report in case of warnings/errors
58   --summary-file             include the filename in summary
59   --debug KEY=[0|1]          turn on/off debugging of KEY, where KEY is one of
60                              'values', 'possible', 'type', and 'attr' (default
61                              is all off)
62   --test-only=WORD           report only warnings/errors containing WORD
63                              literally
64   -h, --help, --version      display this help and exit
65
66 When FILE is - read standard input.
67 EOM
68
69         exit($exitcode);
70 }
71
72 my $conf = which_conf($configuration_file);
73 if (-f $conf) {
74         my @conf_args;
75         open(my $conffile, '<', "$conf")
76             or warn "$P: Can't find a readable $configuration_file file $!\n";
77
78         while (<$conffile>) {
79                 my $line = $_;
80
81                 $line =~ s/\s*\n?$//g;
82                 $line =~ s/^\s*//g;
83                 $line =~ s/\s+/ /g;
84
85                 next if ($line =~ m/^\s*#/);
86                 next if ($line =~ m/^\s*$/);
87
88                 my @words = split(" ", $line);
89                 foreach my $word (@words) {
90                         last if ($word =~ m/^#/);
91                         push (@conf_args, $word);
92                 }
93         }
94         close($conffile);
95         unshift(@ARGV, @conf_args) if @conf_args;
96 }
97
98 GetOptions(
99         'q|quiet+'      => \$quiet,
100         'tree!'         => \$tree,
101         'signoff!'      => \$chk_signoff,
102         'patch!'        => \$chk_patch,
103         'emacs!'        => \$emacs,
104         'terse!'        => \$terse,
105         'f|file!'       => \$file,
106         'subjective!'   => \$check,
107         'strict!'       => \$check,
108         'ignore=s'      => \@ignore,
109         'show-types!'   => \$show_types,
110         'root=s'        => \$root,
111         'summary!'      => \$summary,
112         'mailback!'     => \$mailback,
113         'summary-file!' => \$summary_file,
114
115         'debug=s'       => \%debug,
116         'test-only=s'   => \$tst_only,
117         'h|help'        => \$help,
118         'version'       => \$help
119 ) or help(1);
120
121 help(0) if ($help);
122
123 my $exit = 0;
124
125 if ($#ARGV < 0) {
126         print "$P: no input files\n";
127         exit(1);
128 }
129
130 @ignore = split(/,/, join(',',@ignore));
131 foreach my $word (@ignore) {
132         $word =~ s/\s*\n?$//g;
133         $word =~ s/^\s*//g;
134         $word =~ s/\s+/ /g;
135         $word =~ tr/[a-z]/[A-Z]/;
136
137         next if ($word =~ m/^\s*#/);
138         next if ($word =~ m/^\s*$/);
139
140         $ignore_type{$word}++;
141 }
142
143 my $dbg_values = 0;
144 my $dbg_possible = 0;
145 my $dbg_type = 0;
146 my $dbg_attr = 0;
147 for my $key (keys %debug) {
148         ## no critic
149         eval "\${dbg_$key} = '$debug{$key}';";
150         die "$@" if ($@);
151 }
152
153 my $rpt_cleaners = 0;
154
155 if ($terse) {
156         $emacs = 1;
157         $quiet++;
158 }
159
160 if ($tree) {
161         if (defined $root) {
162                 if (!top_of_kernel_tree($root)) {
163                         die "$P: $root: --root does not point at a valid tree\n";
164                 }
165         } else {
166                 if (top_of_kernel_tree('.')) {
167                         $root = '.';
168                 } elsif ($0 =~ m@(.*)/scripts/[^/]*$@ &&
169                                                 top_of_kernel_tree($1)) {
170                         $root = $1;
171                 }
172         }
173
174         if (!defined $root) {
175                 print "Must be run from the top-level dir. of a kernel tree\n";
176                 exit(2);
177         }
178 }
179
180 my $emitted_corrupt = 0;
181
182 our $Ident      = qr{
183                         [A-Za-z_][A-Za-z\d_]*
184                         (?:\s*\#\#\s*[A-Za-z_][A-Za-z\d_]*)*
185                 }x;
186 our $Storage    = qr{extern|static|asmlinkage};
187 our $Sparse     = qr{
188                         __user|
189                         __kernel|
190                         __force|
191                         __iomem|
192                         __must_check|
193                         __init_refok|
194                         __kprobes|
195                         __ref|
196                         __rcu
197                 }x;
198
199 # Notes to $Attribute:
200 # We need \b after 'init' otherwise 'initconst' will cause a false positive in a check
201 our $Attribute  = qr{
202                         const|
203                         __percpu|
204                         __nocast|
205                         __safe|
206                         __bitwise__|
207                         __packed__|
208                         __packed2__|
209                         __naked|
210                         __maybe_unused|
211                         __always_unused|
212                         __noreturn|
213                         __used|
214                         __cold|
215                         __noclone|
216                         __deprecated|
217                         __read_mostly|
218                         __kprobes|
219                         __(?:mem|cpu|dev|)(?:initdata|initconst|init\b)|
220                         ____cacheline_aligned|
221                         ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp|
222                         ____cacheline_internodealigned_in_smp|
223                         __weak
224                   }x;
225 our $Modifier;
226 our $Inline     = qr{inline|__always_inline|noinline};
227 our $Member     = qr{->$Ident|\.$Ident|\[[^]]*\]};
228 our $Lval       = qr{$Ident(?:$Member)*};
229
230 our $Constant   = qr{(?:[0-9]+|0x[0-9a-fA-F]+)[UL]*};
231 our $Assignment = qr{(?:\*\=|/=|%=|\+=|-=|<<=|>>=|&=|\^=|\|=|=)};
232 our $Compare    = qr{<=|>=|==|!=|<|>};
233 our $Operators  = qr{
234                         <=|>=|==|!=|
235                         =>|->|<<|>>|<|>|!|~|
236                         &&|\|\||,|\^|\+\+|--|&|\||\+|-|\*|\/|%
237                   }x;
238
239 our $NonptrType;
240 our $Type;
241 our $Declare;
242
243 our $NON_ASCII_UTF8     = qr{
244         [\xC2-\xDF][\x80-\xBF]               # non-overlong 2-byte
245         |  \xE0[\xA0-\xBF][\x80-\xBF]        # excluding overlongs
246         | [\xE1-\xEC\xEE\xEF][\x80-\xBF]{2}  # straight 3-byte
247         |  \xED[\x80-\x9F][\x80-\xBF]        # excluding surrogates
248         |  \xF0[\x90-\xBF][\x80-\xBF]{2}     # planes 1-3
249         | [\xF1-\xF3][\x80-\xBF]{3}          # planes 4-15
250         |  \xF4[\x80-\x8F][\x80-\xBF]{2}     # plane 16
251 }x;
252
253 our $UTF8       = qr{
254         [\x09\x0A\x0D\x20-\x7E]              # ASCII
255         | $NON_ASCII_UTF8
256 }x;
257
258 our $typeTypedefs = qr{(?x:
259         (?:__)?(?:u|s|be|le)(?:8|16|32|64)|
260         atomic_t
261 )};
262
263 our $logFunctions = qr{(?x:
264         printk(?:_ratelimited|_once|)|
265         [a-z0-9]+_(?:printk|emerg|alert|crit|err|warning|warn|notice|info|debug|dbg|vdbg|devel|cont|WARN)(?:_ratelimited|_once|)|
266         WARN(?:_RATELIMIT|_ONCE|)|
267         panic|
268         MODULE_[A-Z_]+
269 )};
270
271 our $signature_tags = qr{(?xi:
272         Signed-off-by:|
273         Acked-by:|
274         Tested-by:|
275         Reviewed-by:|
276         Reported-by:|
277         To:|
278         Cc:
279 )};
280
281 our @typeList = (
282         qr{void},
283         qr{(?:unsigned\s+)?char},
284         qr{(?:unsigned\s+)?short},
285         qr{(?:unsigned\s+)?int},
286         qr{(?:unsigned\s+)?long},
287         qr{(?:unsigned\s+)?long\s+int},
288         qr{(?:unsigned\s+)?long\s+long},
289         qr{(?:unsigned\s+)?long\s+long\s+int},
290         qr{unsigned},
291         qr{float},
292         qr{double},
293         qr{bool},
294         qr{struct\s+$Ident},
295         qr{union\s+$Ident},
296         qr{enum\s+$Ident},
297         qr{${Ident}_t},
298         qr{${Ident}_handler},
299         qr{${Ident}_handler_fn},
300 );
301 our @modifierList = (
302         qr{fastcall},
303 );
304
305 our $allowed_asm_includes = qr{(?x:
306         irq|
307         memory
308 )};
309 # memory.h: ARM has a custom one
310
311 sub build_types {
312         my $mods = "(?x:  \n" . join("|\n  ", @modifierList) . "\n)";
313         my $all = "(?x:  \n" . join("|\n  ", @typeList) . "\n)";
314         $Modifier       = qr{(?:$Attribute|$Sparse|$mods)};
315         $NonptrType     = qr{
316                         (?:$Modifier\s+|const\s+)*
317                         (?:
318                                 (?:typeof|__typeof__)\s*\(\s*\**\s*$Ident\s*\)|
319                                 (?:$typeTypedefs\b)|
320                                 (?:${all}\b)
321                         )
322                         (?:\s+$Modifier|\s+const)*
323                   }x;
324         $Type   = qr{
325                         $NonptrType
326                         (?:[\s\*]+\s*const|[\s\*]+|(?:\s*\[\s*\])+)?
327                         (?:\s+$Inline|\s+$Modifier)*
328                   }x;
329         $Declare        = qr{(?:$Storage\s+)?$Type};
330 }
331 build_types();
332
333 our $match_balanced_parentheses = qr/(\((?:[^\(\)]+|(-1))*\))/;
334
335 our $Typecast   = qr{\s*(\(\s*$NonptrType\s*\)){0,1}\s*};
336 our $LvalOrFunc = qr{($Lval)\s*($match_balanced_parentheses{0,1})\s*};
337
338 sub deparenthesize {
339         my ($string) = @_;
340         return "" if (!defined($string));
341         $string =~ s@^\s*\(\s*@@g;
342         $string =~ s@\s*\)\s*$@@g;
343         $string =~ s@\s+@ @g;
344         return $string;
345 }
346
347 $chk_signoff = 0 if ($file);
348
349 my @dep_includes = ();
350 my @dep_functions = ();
351 my $removal = "Documentation/feature-removal-schedule.txt";
352 if ($tree && -f "$root/$removal") {
353         open(my $REMOVE, '<', "$root/$removal") ||
354                                 die "$P: $removal: open failed - $!\n";
355         while (<$REMOVE>) {
356                 if (/^Check:\s+(.*\S)/) {
357                         for my $entry (split(/[, ]+/, $1)) {
358                                 if ($entry =~ m@include/(.*)@) {
359                                         push(@dep_includes, $1);
360
361                                 } elsif ($entry !~ m@/@) {
362                                         push(@dep_functions, $entry);
363                                 }
364                         }
365                 }
366         }
367         close($REMOVE);
368 }
369
370 my @rawlines = ();
371 my @lines = ();
372 my $vname;
373 for my $filename (@ARGV) {
374         my $FILE;
375         if ($file) {
376                 open($FILE, '-|', "diff -u /dev/null $filename") ||
377                         die "$P: $filename: diff failed - $!\n";
378         } elsif ($filename eq '-') {
379                 open($FILE, '<&STDIN');
380         } else {
381                 open($FILE, '<', "$filename") ||
382                         die "$P: $filename: open failed - $!\n";
383         }
384         if ($filename eq '-') {
385                 $vname = 'Your patch';
386         } else {
387                 $vname = $filename;
388         }
389         while (<$FILE>) {
390                 chomp;
391                 push(@rawlines, $_);
392         }
393         close($FILE);
394         if (!process($filename)) {
395                 $exit = 1;
396         }
397         @rawlines = ();
398         @lines = ();
399 }
400
401 exit($exit);
402
403 sub top_of_kernel_tree {
404         my ($root) = @_;
405
406         my @tree_check = (
407                 "COPYING", "CREDITS", "Kbuild", "MAINTAINERS", "Makefile",
408                 "README", "Documentation", "arch", "include", "drivers",
409                 "fs", "init", "ipc", "kernel", "lib", "scripts",
410         );
411
412         foreach my $check (@tree_check) {
413                 if (! -e $root . '/' . $check) {
414                         return 0;
415                 }
416         }
417         return 1;
418     }
419
420 sub parse_email {
421         my ($formatted_email) = @_;
422
423         my $name = "";
424         my $address = "";
425         my $comment = "";
426
427         if ($formatted_email =~ /^(.*)<(\S+\@\S+)>(.*)$/) {
428                 $name = $1;
429                 $address = $2;
430                 $comment = $3 if defined $3;
431         } elsif ($formatted_email =~ /^\s*<(\S+\@\S+)>(.*)$/) {
432                 $address = $1;
433                 $comment = $2 if defined $2;
434         } elsif ($formatted_email =~ /(\S+\@\S+)(.*)$/) {
435                 $address = $1;
436                 $comment = $2 if defined $2;
437                 $formatted_email =~ s/$address.*$//;
438                 $name = $formatted_email;
439                 $name =~ s/^\s+|\s+$//g;
440                 $name =~ s/^\"|\"$//g;
441                 # If there's a name left after stripping spaces and
442                 # leading quotes, and the address doesn't have both
443                 # leading and trailing angle brackets, the address
444                 # is invalid. ie:
445                 #   "joe smith joe@smith.com" bad
446                 #   "joe smith <joe@smith.com" bad
447                 if ($name ne "" && $address !~ /^<[^>]+>$/) {
448                         $name = "";
449                         $address = "";
450                         $comment = "";
451                 }
452         }
453
454         $name =~ s/^\s+|\s+$//g;
455         $name =~ s/^\"|\"$//g;
456         $address =~ s/^\s+|\s+$//g;
457         $address =~ s/^\<|\>$//g;
458
459         if ($name =~ /[^\w \-]/i) { ##has "must quote" chars
460                 $name =~ s/(?<!\\)"/\\"/g; ##escape quotes
461                 $name = "\"$name\"";
462         }
463
464         return ($name, $address, $comment);
465 }
466
467 sub format_email {
468         my ($name, $address) = @_;
469
470         my $formatted_email;
471
472         $name =~ s/^\s+|\s+$//g;
473         $name =~ s/^\"|\"$//g;
474         $address =~ s/^\s+|\s+$//g;
475
476         if ($name =~ /[^\w \-]/i) { ##has "must quote" chars
477                 $name =~ s/(?<!\\)"/\\"/g; ##escape quotes
478                 $name = "\"$name\"";
479         }
480
481         if ("$name" eq "") {
482                 $formatted_email = "$address";
483         } else {
484                 $formatted_email = "$name <$address>";
485         }
486
487         return $formatted_email;
488 }
489
490 sub which_conf {
491         my ($conf) = @_;
492
493         foreach my $path (split(/:/, ".:$ENV{HOME}:.scripts")) {
494                 if (-e "$path/$conf") {
495                         return "$path/$conf";
496                 }
497         }
498
499         return "";
500 }
501
502 sub expand_tabs {
503         my ($str) = @_;
504
505         my $res = '';
506         my $n = 0;
507         for my $c (split(//, $str)) {
508                 if ($c eq "\t") {
509                         $res .= ' ';
510                         $n++;
511                         for (; ($n % 8) != 0; $n++) {
512                                 $res .= ' ';
513                         }
514                         next;
515                 }
516                 $res .= $c;
517                 $n++;
518         }
519
520         return $res;
521 }
522 sub copy_spacing {
523         (my $res = shift) =~ tr/\t/ /c;
524         return $res;
525 }
526
527 sub line_stats {
528         my ($line) = @_;
529
530         # Drop the diff line leader and expand tabs
531         $line =~ s/^.//;
532         $line = expand_tabs($line);
533
534         # Pick the indent from the front of the line.
535         my ($white) = ($line =~ /^(\s*)/);
536
537         return (length($line), length($white));
538 }
539
540 my $sanitise_quote = '';
541
542 sub sanitise_line_reset {
543         my ($in_comment) = @_;
544
545         if ($in_comment) {
546                 $sanitise_quote = '*/';
547         } else {
548                 $sanitise_quote = '';
549         }
550 }
551 sub sanitise_line {
552         my ($line) = @_;
553
554         my $res = '';
555         my $l = '';
556
557         my $qlen = 0;
558         my $off = 0;
559         my $c;
560
561         # Always copy over the diff marker.
562         $res = substr($line, 0, 1);
563
564         for ($off = 1; $off < length($line); $off++) {
565                 $c = substr($line, $off, 1);
566
567                 # Comments we are wacking completly including the begin
568                 # and end, all to $;.
569                 if ($sanitise_quote eq '' && substr($line, $off, 2) eq '/*') {
570                         $sanitise_quote = '*/';
571
572                         substr($res, $off, 2, "$;$;");
573                         $off++;
574                         next;
575                 }
576                 if ($sanitise_quote eq '*/' && substr($line, $off, 2) eq '*/') {
577                         $sanitise_quote = '';
578                         substr($res, $off, 2, "$;$;");
579                         $off++;
580                         next;
581                 }
582                 if ($sanitise_quote eq '' && substr($line, $off, 2) eq '//') {
583                         $sanitise_quote = '//';
584
585                         substr($res, $off, 2, $sanitise_quote);
586                         $off++;
587                         next;
588                 }
589
590                 # A \ in a string means ignore the next character.
591                 if (($sanitise_quote eq "'" || $sanitise_quote eq '"') &&
592                     $c eq "\\") {
593                         substr($res, $off, 2, 'XX');
594                         $off++;
595                         next;
596                 }
597                 # Regular quotes.
598                 if ($c eq "'" || $c eq '"') {
599                         if ($sanitise_quote eq '') {
600                                 $sanitise_quote = $c;
601
602                                 substr($res, $off, 1, $c);
603                                 next;
604                         } elsif ($sanitise_quote eq $c) {
605                                 $sanitise_quote = '';
606                         }
607                 }
608
609                 #print "c<$c> SQ<$sanitise_quote>\n";
610                 if ($off != 0 && $sanitise_quote eq '*/' && $c ne "\t") {
611                         substr($res, $off, 1, $;);
612                 } elsif ($off != 0 && $sanitise_quote eq '//' && $c ne "\t") {
613                         substr($res, $off, 1, $;);
614                 } elsif ($off != 0 && $sanitise_quote && $c ne "\t") {
615                         substr($res, $off, 1, 'X');
616                 } else {
617                         substr($res, $off, 1, $c);
618                 }
619         }
620
621         if ($sanitise_quote eq '//') {
622                 $sanitise_quote = '';
623         }
624
625         # The pathname on a #include may be surrounded by '<' and '>'.
626         if ($res =~ /^.\s*\#\s*include\s+\<(.*)\>/) {
627                 my $clean = 'X' x length($1);
628                 $res =~ s@\<.*\>@<$clean>@;
629
630         # The whole of a #error is a string.
631         } elsif ($res =~ /^.\s*\#\s*(?:error|warning)\s+(.*)\b/) {
632                 my $clean = 'X' x length($1);
633                 $res =~ s@(\#\s*(?:error|warning)\s+).*@$1$clean@;
634         }
635
636         return $res;
637 }
638
639 sub ctx_statement_block {
640         my ($linenr, $remain, $off) = @_;
641         my $line = $linenr - 1;
642         my $blk = '';
643         my $soff = $off;
644         my $coff = $off - 1;
645         my $coff_set = 0;
646
647         my $loff = 0;
648
649         my $type = '';
650         my $level = 0;
651         my @stack = ();
652         my $p;
653         my $c;
654         my $len = 0;
655
656         my $remainder;
657         while (1) {
658                 @stack = (['', 0]) if ($#stack == -1);
659
660                 #warn "CSB: blk<$blk> remain<$remain>\n";
661                 # If we are about to drop off the end, pull in more
662                 # context.
663                 if ($off >= $len) {
664                         for (; $remain > 0; $line++) {
665                                 last if (!defined $lines[$line]);
666                                 next if ($lines[$line] =~ /^-/);
667                                 $remain--;
668                                 $loff = $len;
669                                 $blk .= $lines[$line] . "\n";
670                                 $len = length($blk);
671                                 $line++;
672                                 last;
673                         }
674                         # Bail if there is no further context.
675                         #warn "CSB: blk<$blk> off<$off> len<$len>\n";
676                         if ($off >= $len) {
677                                 last;
678                         }
679                 }
680                 $p = $c;
681                 $c = substr($blk, $off, 1);
682                 $remainder = substr($blk, $off);
683
684                 #warn "CSB: c<$c> type<$type> level<$level> remainder<$remainder> coff_set<$coff_set>\n";
685
686                 # Handle nested #if/#else.
687                 if ($remainder =~ /^#\s*(?:ifndef|ifdef|if)\s/) {
688                         push(@stack, [ $type, $level ]);
689                 } elsif ($remainder =~ /^#\s*(?:else|elif)\b/) {
690                         ($type, $level) = @{$stack[$#stack - 1]};
691                 } elsif ($remainder =~ /^#\s*endif\b/) {
692                         ($type, $level) = @{pop(@stack)};
693                 }
694
695                 # Statement ends at the ';' or a close '}' at the
696                 # outermost level.
697                 if ($level == 0 && $c eq ';') {
698                         last;
699                 }
700
701                 # An else is really a conditional as long as its not else if
702                 if ($level == 0 && $coff_set == 0 &&
703                                 (!defined($p) || $p =~ /(?:\s|\}|\+)/) &&
704                                 $remainder =~ /^(else)(?:\s|{)/ &&
705                                 $remainder !~ /^else\s+if\b/) {
706                         $coff = $off + length($1) - 1;
707                         $coff_set = 1;
708                         #warn "CSB: mark coff<$coff> soff<$soff> 1<$1>\n";
709                         #warn "[" . substr($blk, $soff, $coff - $soff + 1) . "]\n";
710                 }
711
712                 if (($type eq '' || $type eq '(') && $c eq '(') {
713                         $level++;
714                         $type = '(';
715                 }
716                 if ($type eq '(' && $c eq ')') {
717                         $level--;
718                         $type = ($level != 0)? '(' : '';
719
720                         if ($level == 0 && $coff < $soff) {
721                                 $coff = $off;
722                                 $coff_set = 1;
723                                 #warn "CSB: mark coff<$coff>\n";
724                         }
725                 }
726                 if (($type eq '' || $type eq '{') && $c eq '{') {
727                         $level++;
728                         $type = '{';
729                 }
730                 if ($type eq '{' && $c eq '}') {
731                         $level--;
732                         $type = ($level != 0)? '{' : '';
733
734                         if ($level == 0) {
735                                 if (substr($blk, $off + 1, 1) eq ';') {
736                                         $off++;
737                                 }
738                                 last;
739                         }
740                 }
741                 $off++;
742         }
743         # We are truly at the end, so shuffle to the next line.
744         if ($off == $len) {
745                 $loff = $len + 1;
746                 $line++;
747                 $remain--;
748         }
749
750         my $statement = substr($blk, $soff, $off - $soff + 1);
751         my $condition = substr($blk, $soff, $coff - $soff + 1);
752
753         #warn "STATEMENT<$statement>\n";
754         #warn "CONDITION<$condition>\n";
755
756         #print "coff<$coff> soff<$off> loff<$loff>\n";
757
758         return ($statement, $condition,
759                         $line, $remain + 1, $off - $loff + 1, $level);
760 }
761
762 sub statement_lines {
763         my ($stmt) = @_;
764
765         # Strip the diff line prefixes and rip blank lines at start and end.
766         $stmt =~ s/(^|\n)./$1/g;
767         $stmt =~ s/^\s*//;
768         $stmt =~ s/\s*$//;
769
770         my @stmt_lines = ($stmt =~ /\n/g);
771
772         return $#stmt_lines + 2;
773 }
774
775 sub statement_rawlines {
776         my ($stmt) = @_;
777
778         my @stmt_lines = ($stmt =~ /\n/g);
779
780         return $#stmt_lines + 2;
781 }
782
783 sub statement_block_size {
784         my ($stmt) = @_;
785
786         $stmt =~ s/(^|\n)./$1/g;
787         $stmt =~ s/^\s*{//;
788         $stmt =~ s/}\s*$//;
789         $stmt =~ s/^\s*//;
790         $stmt =~ s/\s*$//;
791
792         my @stmt_lines = ($stmt =~ /\n/g);
793         my @stmt_statements = ($stmt =~ /;/g);
794
795         my $stmt_lines = $#stmt_lines + 2;
796         my $stmt_statements = $#stmt_statements + 1;
797
798         if ($stmt_lines > $stmt_statements) {
799                 return $stmt_lines;
800         } else {
801                 return $stmt_statements;
802         }
803 }
804
805 sub ctx_statement_full {
806         my ($linenr, $remain, $off) = @_;
807         my ($statement, $condition, $level);
808
809         my (@chunks);
810
811         # Grab the first conditional/block pair.
812         ($statement, $condition, $linenr, $remain, $off, $level) =
813                                 ctx_statement_block($linenr, $remain, $off);
814         #print "F: c<$condition> s<$statement> remain<$remain>\n";
815         push(@chunks, [ $condition, $statement ]);
816         if (!($remain > 0 && $condition =~ /^\s*(?:\n[+-])?\s*(?:if|else|do)\b/s)) {
817                 return ($level, $linenr, @chunks);
818         }
819
820         # Pull in the following conditional/block pairs and see if they
821         # could continue the statement.
822         for (;;) {
823                 ($statement, $condition, $linenr, $remain, $off, $level) =
824                                 ctx_statement_block($linenr, $remain, $off);
825                 #print "C: c<$condition> s<$statement> remain<$remain>\n";
826                 last if (!($remain > 0 && $condition =~ /^(?:\s*\n[+-])*\s*(?:else|do)\b/s));
827                 #print "C: push\n";
828                 push(@chunks, [ $condition, $statement ]);
829         }
830
831         return ($level, $linenr, @chunks);
832 }
833
834 sub ctx_block_get {
835         my ($linenr, $remain, $outer, $open, $close, $off) = @_;
836         my $line;
837         my $start = $linenr - 1;
838         my $blk = '';
839         my @o;
840         my @c;
841         my @res = ();
842
843         my $level = 0;
844         my @stack = ($level);
845         for ($line = $start; $remain > 0; $line++) {
846                 next if ($rawlines[$line] =~ /^-/);
847                 $remain--;
848
849                 $blk .= $rawlines[$line];
850
851                 # Handle nested #if/#else.
852                 if ($lines[$line] =~ /^.\s*#\s*(?:ifndef|ifdef|if)\s/) {
853                         push(@stack, $level);
854                 } elsif ($lines[$line] =~ /^.\s*#\s*(?:else|elif)\b/) {
855                         $level = $stack[$#stack - 1];
856                 } elsif ($lines[$line] =~ /^.\s*#\s*endif\b/) {
857                         $level = pop(@stack);
858                 }
859
860                 foreach my $c (split(//, $lines[$line])) {
861                         ##print "C<$c>L<$level><$open$close>O<$off>\n";
862                         if ($off > 0) {
863                                 $off--;
864                                 next;
865                         }
866
867                         if ($c eq $close && $level > 0) {
868                                 $level--;
869                                 last if ($level == 0);
870                         } elsif ($c eq $open) {
871                                 $level++;
872                         }
873                 }
874
875                 if (!$outer || $level <= 1) {
876                         push(@res, $rawlines[$line]);
877                 }
878
879                 last if ($level == 0);
880         }
881
882         return ($level, @res);
883 }
884 sub ctx_block_outer {
885         my ($linenr, $remain) = @_;
886
887         my ($level, @r) = ctx_block_get($linenr, $remain, 1, '{', '}', 0);
888         return @r;
889 }
890 sub ctx_block {
891         my ($linenr, $remain) = @_;
892
893         my ($level, @r) = ctx_block_get($linenr, $remain, 0, '{', '}', 0);
894         return @r;
895 }
896 sub ctx_statement {
897         my ($linenr, $remain, $off) = @_;
898
899         my ($level, @r) = ctx_block_get($linenr, $remain, 0, '(', ')', $off);
900         return @r;
901 }
902 sub ctx_block_level {
903         my ($linenr, $remain) = @_;
904
905         return ctx_block_get($linenr, $remain, 0, '{', '}', 0);
906 }
907 sub ctx_statement_level {
908         my ($linenr, $remain, $off) = @_;
909
910         return ctx_block_get($linenr, $remain, 0, '(', ')', $off);
911 }
912
913 sub ctx_locate_comment {
914         my ($first_line, $end_line) = @_;
915
916         # Catch a comment on the end of the line itself.
917         my ($current_comment) = ($rawlines[$end_line - 1] =~ m@.*(/\*.*\*/)\s*(?:\\\s*)?$@);
918         return $current_comment if (defined $current_comment);
919
920         # Look through the context and try and figure out if there is a
921         # comment.
922         my $in_comment = 0;
923         $current_comment = '';
924         for (my $linenr = $first_line; $linenr < $end_line; $linenr++) {
925                 my $line = $rawlines[$linenr - 1];
926                 #warn "           $line\n";
927                 if ($linenr == $first_line and $line =~ m@^.\s*\*@) {
928                         $in_comment = 1;
929                 }
930                 if ($line =~ m@/\*@) {
931                         $in_comment = 1;
932                 }
933                 if (!$in_comment && $current_comment ne '') {
934                         $current_comment = '';
935                 }
936                 $current_comment .= $line . "\n" if ($in_comment);
937                 if ($line =~ m@\*/@) {
938                         $in_comment = 0;
939                 }
940         }
941
942         chomp($current_comment);
943         return($current_comment);
944 }
945 sub ctx_has_comment {
946         my ($first_line, $end_line) = @_;
947         my $cmt = ctx_locate_comment($first_line, $end_line);
948
949         ##print "LINE: $rawlines[$end_line - 1 ]\n";
950         ##print "CMMT: $cmt\n";
951
952         return ($cmt ne '');
953 }
954
955 sub raw_line {
956         my ($linenr, $cnt) = @_;
957
958         my $offset = $linenr - 1;
959         $cnt++;
960
961         my $line;
962         while ($cnt) {
963                 $line = $rawlines[$offset++];
964                 next if (defined($line) && $line =~ /^-/);
965                 $cnt--;
966         }
967
968         return $line;
969 }
970
971 sub cat_vet {
972         my ($vet) = @_;
973         my ($res, $coded);
974
975         $res = '';
976         while ($vet =~ /([^[:cntrl:]]*)([[:cntrl:]]|$)/g) {
977                 $res .= $1;
978                 if ($2 ne '') {
979                         $coded = sprintf("^%c", unpack('C', $2) + 64);
980                         $res .= $coded;
981                 }
982         }
983         $res =~ s/$/\$/;
984
985         return $res;
986 }
987
988 my $av_preprocessor = 0;
989 my $av_pending;
990 my @av_paren_type;
991 my $av_pend_colon;
992
993 sub annotate_reset {
994         $av_preprocessor = 0;
995         $av_pending = '_';
996         @av_paren_type = ('E');
997         $av_pend_colon = 'O';
998 }
999
1000 sub annotate_values {
1001         my ($stream, $type) = @_;
1002
1003         my $res;
1004         my $var = '_' x length($stream);
1005         my $cur = $stream;
1006
1007         print "$stream\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1008
1009         while (length($cur)) {
1010                 @av_paren_type = ('E') if ($#av_paren_type < 0);
1011                 print " <" . join('', @av_paren_type) .
1012                                 "> <$type> <$av_pending>" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1013                 if ($cur =~ /^(\s+)/o) {
1014                         print "WS($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1015                         if ($1 =~ /\n/ && $av_preprocessor) {
1016                                 $type = pop(@av_paren_type);
1017                                 $av_preprocessor = 0;
1018                         }
1019
1020                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\(\s*$Type\s*)\)/ && $av_pending eq '_') {
1021                         print "CAST($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1022                         push(@av_paren_type, $type);
1023                         $type = 'C';
1024
1025                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^($Type)\s*(?:$Ident|,|\)|\(|\s*$)/) {
1026                         print "DECLARE($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1027                         $type = 'T';
1028
1029                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^($Modifier)\s*/) {
1030                         print "MODIFIER($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1031                         $type = 'T';
1032
1033                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\#\s*define\s*$Ident)(\(?)/o) {
1034                         print "DEFINE($1,$2)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1035                         $av_preprocessor = 1;
1036                         push(@av_paren_type, $type);
1037                         if ($2 ne '') {
1038                                 $av_pending = 'N';
1039                         }
1040                         $type = 'E';
1041
1042                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\#\s*(?:undef\s*$Ident|include\b))/o) {
1043                         print "UNDEF($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1044                         $av_preprocessor = 1;
1045                         push(@av_paren_type, $type);
1046
1047                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\#\s*(?:ifdef|ifndef|if))/o) {
1048                         print "PRE_START($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1049                         $av_preprocessor = 1;
1050
1051                         push(@av_paren_type, $type);
1052                         push(@av_paren_type, $type);
1053                         $type = 'E';
1054
1055                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\#\s*(?:else|elif))/o) {
1056                         print "PRE_RESTART($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1057                         $av_preprocessor = 1;
1058
1059                         push(@av_paren_type, $av_paren_type[$#av_paren_type]);
1060
1061                         $type = 'E';
1062
1063                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\#\s*(?:endif))/o) {
1064                         print "PRE_END($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1065
1066                         $av_preprocessor = 1;
1067
1068                         # Assume all arms of the conditional end as this
1069                         # one does, and continue as if the #endif was not here.
1070                         pop(@av_paren_type);
1071                         push(@av_paren_type, $type);
1072                         $type = 'E';
1073
1074                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\\\n)/o) {
1075                         print "PRECONT($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1076
1077                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(__attribute__)\s*\(?/o) {
1078                         print "ATTR($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1079                         $av_pending = $type;
1080                         $type = 'N';
1081
1082                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(sizeof)\s*(\()?/o) {
1083                         print "SIZEOF($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1084                         if (defined $2) {
1085                                 $av_pending = 'V';
1086                         }
1087                         $type = 'N';
1088
1089                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(if|while|for)\b/o) {
1090                         print "COND($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1091                         $av_pending = 'E';
1092                         $type = 'N';
1093
1094                 } elsif ($cur =~/^(case)/o) {
1095                         print "CASE($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1096                         $av_pend_colon = 'C';
1097                         $type = 'N';
1098
1099                 } elsif ($cur =~/^(return|else|goto|typeof|__typeof__)\b/o) {
1100                         print "KEYWORD($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1101                         $type = 'N';
1102
1103                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\()/o) {
1104                         print "PAREN('$1')\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1105                         push(@av_paren_type, $av_pending);
1106                         $av_pending = '_';
1107                         $type = 'N';
1108
1109                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\))/o) {
1110                         my $new_type = pop(@av_paren_type);
1111                         if ($new_type ne '_') {
1112                                 $type = $new_type;
1113                                 print "PAREN('$1') -> $type\n"
1114                                                         if ($dbg_values > 1);
1115                         } else {
1116                                 print "PAREN('$1')\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1117                         }
1118
1119                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^($Ident)\s*\(/o) {
1120                         print "FUNC($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1121                         $type = 'V';
1122                         $av_pending = 'V';
1123
1124                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^($Ident\s*):(?:\s*\d+\s*(,|=|;))?/) {
1125                         if (defined $2 && $type eq 'C' || $type eq 'T') {
1126                                 $av_pend_colon = 'B';
1127                         } elsif ($type eq 'E') {
1128                                 $av_pend_colon = 'L';
1129                         }
1130                         print "IDENT_COLON($1,$type>$av_pend_colon)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1131                         $type = 'V';
1132
1133                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^($Ident|$Constant)/o) {
1134                         print "IDENT($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1135                         $type = 'V';
1136
1137                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^($Assignment)/o) {
1138                         print "ASSIGN($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1139                         $type = 'N';
1140
1141                 } elsif ($cur =~/^(;|{|})/) {
1142                         print "END($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1143                         $type = 'E';
1144                         $av_pend_colon = 'O';
1145
1146                 } elsif ($cur =~/^(,)/) {
1147                         print "COMMA($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1148                         $type = 'C';
1149
1150                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\?)/o) {
1151                         print "QUESTION($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1152                         $type = 'N';
1153
1154                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(:)/o) {
1155                         print "COLON($1,$av_pend_colon)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1156
1157                         substr($var, length($res), 1, $av_pend_colon);
1158                         if ($av_pend_colon eq 'C' || $av_pend_colon eq 'L') {
1159                                 $type = 'E';
1160                         } else {
1161                                 $type = 'N';
1162                         }
1163                         $av_pend_colon = 'O';
1164
1165                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\[)/o) {
1166                         print "CLOSE($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1167                         $type = 'N';
1168
1169                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(-(?![->])|\+(?!\+)|\*|\&\&|\&)/o) {
1170                         my $variant;
1171
1172                         print "OPV($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1173                         if ($type eq 'V') {
1174                                 $variant = 'B';
1175                         } else {
1176                                 $variant = 'U';
1177                         }
1178
1179                         substr($var, length($res), 1, $variant);
1180                         $type = 'N';
1181
1182                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^($Operators)/o) {
1183                         print "OP($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1184                         if ($1 ne '++' && $1 ne '--') {
1185                                 $type = 'N';
1186                         }
1187
1188                 } elsif ($cur =~ /(^.)/o) {
1189                         print "C($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1190                 }
1191                 if (defined $1) {
1192                         $cur = substr($cur, length($1));
1193                         $res .= $type x length($1);
1194                 }
1195         }
1196
1197         return ($res, $var);
1198 }
1199
1200 sub possible {
1201         my ($possible, $line) = @_;
1202         my $notPermitted = qr{(?:
1203                 ^(?:
1204                         $Modifier|
1205                         $Storage|
1206                         $Type|
1207                         DEFINE_\S+
1208                 )$|
1209                 ^(?:
1210                         goto|
1211                         return|
1212                         case|
1213                         else|
1214                         asm|__asm__|
1215                         do
1216                 )(?:\s|$)|
1217                 ^(?:typedef|struct|enum)\b
1218             )}x;
1219         warn "CHECK<$possible> ($line)\n" if ($dbg_possible > 2);
1220         if ($possible !~ $notPermitted) {
1221                 # Check for modifiers.
1222                 $possible =~ s/\s*$Storage\s*//g;
1223                 $possible =~ s/\s*$Sparse\s*//g;
1224                 if ($possible =~ /^\s*$/) {
1225
1226                 } elsif ($possible =~ /\s/) {
1227                         $possible =~ s/\s*$Type\s*//g;
1228                         for my $modifier (split(' ', $possible)) {
1229                                 if ($modifier !~ $notPermitted) {
1230                                         warn "MODIFIER: $modifier ($possible) ($line)\n" if ($dbg_possible);
1231                                         push(@modifierList, $modifier);
1232                                 }
1233                         }
1234
1235                 } else {
1236                         warn "POSSIBLE: $possible ($line)\n" if ($dbg_possible);
1237                         push(@typeList, $possible);
1238                 }
1239                 build_types();
1240         } else {
1241                 warn "NOTPOSS: $possible ($line)\n" if ($dbg_possible > 1);
1242         }
1243 }
1244
1245 my $prefix = '';
1246
1247 sub show_type {
1248        return !defined $ignore_type{$_[0]};
1249 }
1250
1251 sub report {
1252         if (!show_type($_[1]) ||
1253             (defined $tst_only && $_[2] !~ /\Q$tst_only\E/)) {
1254                 return 0;
1255         }
1256         my $line;
1257         if ($show_types) {
1258                 $line = "$prefix$_[0]:$_[1]: $_[2]\n";
1259         } else {
1260                 $line = "$prefix$_[0]: $_[2]\n";
1261         }
1262         $line = (split('\n', $line))[0] . "\n" if ($terse);
1263
1264         push(our @report, $line);
1265
1266         return 1;
1267 }
1268 sub report_dump {
1269         our @report;
1270 }
1271
1272 sub ERROR {
1273         if (report("ERROR", $_[0], $_[1])) {
1274                 our $clean = 0;
1275                 our $cnt_error++;
1276         }
1277 }
1278 sub WARN {
1279         if (report("WARNING", $_[0], $_[1])) {
1280                 our $clean = 0;
1281                 our $cnt_warn++;
1282         }
1283 }
1284 sub CHK {
1285         if ($check && report("CHECK", $_[0], $_[1])) {
1286                 our $clean = 0;
1287                 our $cnt_chk++;
1288         }
1289 }
1290
1291 sub check_absolute_file {
1292         my ($absolute, $herecurr) = @_;
1293         my $file = $absolute;
1294
1295         ##print "absolute<$absolute>\n";
1296
1297         # See if any suffix of this path is a path within the tree.
1298         while ($file =~ s@^[^/]*/@@) {
1299                 if (-f "$root/$file") {
1300                         ##print "file<$file>\n";
1301                         last;
1302                 }
1303         }
1304         if (! -f _)  {
1305                 return 0;
1306         }
1307
1308         # It is, so see if the prefix is acceptable.
1309         my $prefix = $absolute;
1310         substr($prefix, -length($file)) = '';
1311
1312         ##print "prefix<$prefix>\n";
1313         if ($prefix ne ".../") {
1314                 WARN("USE_RELATIVE_PATH",
1315                      "use relative pathname instead of absolute in changelog text\n" . $herecurr);
1316         }
1317 }
1318
1319 sub process {
1320         my $filename = shift;
1321
1322         my $linenr=0;
1323         my $prevline="";
1324         my $prevrawline="";
1325         my $stashline="";
1326         my $stashrawline="";
1327
1328         my $length;
1329         my $indent;
1330         my $previndent=0;
1331         my $stashindent=0;
1332
1333         our $clean = 1;
1334         my $signoff = 0;
1335         my $is_patch = 0;
1336
1337         my $in_header_lines = 1;
1338         my $in_commit_log = 0;          #Scanning lines before patch
1339
1340         our @report = ();
1341         our $cnt_lines = 0;
1342         our $cnt_error = 0;
1343         our $cnt_warn = 0;
1344         our $cnt_chk = 0;
1345
1346         # Trace the real file/line as we go.
1347         my $realfile = '';
1348         my $realline = 0;
1349         my $realcnt = 0;
1350         my $here = '';
1351         my $in_comment = 0;
1352         my $comment_edge = 0;
1353         my $first_line = 0;
1354         my $p1_prefix = '';
1355
1356         my $prev_values = 'E';
1357
1358         # suppression flags
1359         my %suppress_ifbraces;
1360         my %suppress_whiletrailers;
1361         my %suppress_export;
1362
1363         # Pre-scan the patch sanitizing the lines.
1364         # Pre-scan the patch looking for any __setup documentation.
1365         #
1366         my @setup_docs = ();
1367         my $setup_docs = 0;
1368
1369         sanitise_line_reset();
1370         my $line;
1371         foreach my $rawline (@rawlines) {
1372                 $linenr++;
1373                 $line = $rawline;
1374
1375                 if ($rawline=~/^\+\+\+\s+(\S+)/) {
1376                         $setup_docs = 0;
1377                         if ($1 =~ m@Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt$@) {
1378                                 $setup_docs = 1;
1379                         }
1380                         #next;
1381                 }
1382                 if ($rawline=~/^\@\@ -\d+(?:,\d+)? \+(\d+)(,(\d+))? \@\@/) {
1383                         $realline=$1-1;
1384                         if (defined $2) {
1385                                 $realcnt=$3+1;
1386                         } else {
1387                                 $realcnt=1+1;
1388                         }
1389                         $in_comment = 0;
1390
1391                         # Guestimate if this is a continuing comment.  Run
1392                         # the context looking for a comment "edge".  If this
1393                         # edge is a close comment then we must be in a comment
1394                         # at context start.
1395                         my $edge;
1396                         my $cnt = $realcnt;
1397                         for (my $ln = $linenr + 1; $cnt > 0; $ln++) {
1398                                 next if (defined $rawlines[$ln - 1] &&
1399                                          $rawlines[$ln - 1] =~ /^-/);
1400                                 $cnt--;
1401                                 #print "RAW<$rawlines[$ln - 1]>\n";
1402                                 last if (!defined $rawlines[$ln - 1]);
1403                                 if ($rawlines[$ln - 1] =~ m@(/\*|\*/)@ &&
1404                                     $rawlines[$ln - 1] !~ m@"[^"]*(?:/\*|\*/)[^"]*"@) {
1405                                         ($edge) = $1;
1406                                         last;
1407                                 }
1408                         }
1409                         if (defined $edge && $edge eq '*/') {
1410                                 $in_comment = 1;
1411                         }
1412
1413                         # Guestimate if this is a continuing comment.  If this
1414                         # is the start of a diff block and this line starts
1415                         # ' *' then it is very likely a comment.
1416                         if (!defined $edge &&
1417                             $rawlines[$linenr] =~ m@^.\s*(?:\*\*+| \*)(?:\s|$)@)
1418                         {
1419                                 $in_comment = 1;
1420                         }
1421
1422                         ##print "COMMENT:$in_comment edge<$edge> $rawline\n";
1423                         sanitise_line_reset($in_comment);
1424
1425                 } elsif ($realcnt && $rawline =~ /^(?:\+| |$)/) {
1426                         # Standardise the strings and chars within the input to
1427                         # simplify matching -- only bother with positive lines.
1428                         $line = sanitise_line($rawline);
1429                 }
1430                 push(@lines, $line);
1431
1432                 if ($realcnt > 1) {
1433                         $realcnt-- if ($line =~ /^(?:\+| |$)/);
1434                 } else {
1435                         $realcnt = 0;
1436                 }
1437
1438                 #print "==>$rawline\n";
1439                 #print "-->$line\n";
1440
1441                 if ($setup_docs && $line =~ /^\+/) {
1442                         push(@setup_docs, $line);
1443                 }
1444         }
1445
1446         $prefix = '';
1447
1448         $realcnt = 0;
1449         $linenr = 0;
1450         foreach my $line (@lines) {
1451                 $linenr++;
1452
1453                 my $rawline = $rawlines[$linenr - 1];
1454
1455 #extract the line range in the file after the patch is applied
1456                 if ($line=~/^\@\@ -\d+(?:,\d+)? \+(\d+)(,(\d+))? \@\@/) {
1457                         $is_patch = 1;
1458                         $first_line = $linenr + 1;
1459                         $realline=$1-1;
1460                         if (defined $2) {
1461                                 $realcnt=$3+1;
1462                         } else {
1463                                 $realcnt=1+1;
1464                         }
1465                         annotate_reset();
1466                         $prev_values = 'E';
1467
1468                         %suppress_ifbraces = ();
1469                         %suppress_whiletrailers = ();
1470                         %suppress_export = ();
1471                         next;
1472
1473 # track the line number as we move through the hunk, note that
1474 # new versions of GNU diff omit the leading space on completely
1475 # blank context lines so we need to count that too.
1476                 } elsif ($line =~ /^( |\+|$)/) {
1477                         $realline++;
1478                         $realcnt-- if ($realcnt != 0);
1479
1480                         # Measure the line length and indent.
1481                         ($length, $indent) = line_stats($rawline);
1482
1483                         # Track the previous line.
1484                         ($prevline, $stashline) = ($stashline, $line);
1485                         ($previndent, $stashindent) = ($stashindent, $indent);
1486                         ($prevrawline, $stashrawline) = ($stashrawline, $rawline);
1487
1488                         #warn "line<$line>\n";
1489
1490                 } elsif ($realcnt == 1) {
1491                         $realcnt--;
1492                 }
1493
1494                 my $hunk_line = ($realcnt != 0);
1495
1496 #make up the handle for any error we report on this line
1497                 $prefix = "$filename:$realline: " if ($emacs && $file);
1498                 $prefix = "$filename:$linenr: " if ($emacs && !$file);
1499
1500                 $here = "#$linenr: " if (!$file);
1501                 $here = "#$realline: " if ($file);
1502
1503                 # extract the filename as it passes
1504                 if ($line =~ /^diff --git.*?(\S+)$/) {
1505                         $realfile = $1;
1506                         $realfile =~ s@^([^/]*)/@@;
1507                 } elsif ($line =~ /^\+\+\+\s+(\S+)/) {
1508                         $realfile = $1;
1509                         $realfile =~ s@^([^/]*)/@@;
1510
1511                         $p1_prefix = $1;
1512                         if (!$file && $tree && $p1_prefix ne '' &&
1513                             -e "$root/$p1_prefix") {
1514                                 WARN("PATCH_PREFIX",
1515                                      "patch prefix '$p1_prefix' exists, appears to be a -p0 patch\n");
1516                         }
1517
1518                         if ($realfile =~ m@^include/asm/@) {
1519                                 ERROR("MODIFIED_INCLUDE_ASM",
1520                                       "do not modify files in include/asm, change architecture specific files in include/asm-<architecture>\n" . "$here$rawline\n");
1521                         }
1522                         next;
1523                 }
1524
1525                 $here .= "FILE: $realfile:$realline:" if ($realcnt != 0);
1526
1527                 my $hereline = "$here\n$rawline\n";
1528                 my $herecurr = "$here\n$rawline\n";
1529                 my $hereprev = "$here\n$prevrawline\n$rawline\n";
1530
1531                 $cnt_lines++ if ($realcnt != 0);
1532
1533 # Check for incorrect file permissions
1534                 if ($line =~ /^new (file )?mode.*[7531]\d{0,2}$/) {
1535                         my $permhere = $here . "FILE: $realfile\n";
1536                         if ($realfile =~ /(Makefile|Kconfig|\.c|\.h|\.S|\.tmpl)$/) {
1537                                 ERROR("EXECUTE_PERMISSIONS",
1538                                       "do not set execute permissions for source files\n" . $permhere);
1539                         }
1540                 }
1541
1542 # Check the patch for a signoff:
1543                 if ($line =~ /^\s*signed-off-by:/i) {
1544                         $signoff++;
1545                         $in_commit_log = 0;
1546                 }
1547
1548 # Check signature styles
1549                 if ($line =~ /^(\s*)($signature_tags)(\s*)(.*)/) {
1550                         my $space_before = $1;
1551                         my $sign_off = $2;
1552                         my $space_after = $3;
1553                         my $email = $4;
1554                         my $ucfirst_sign_off = ucfirst(lc($sign_off));
1555
1556                         if (defined $space_before && $space_before ne "") {
1557                                 WARN("BAD_SIGN_OFF",
1558                                      "Do not use whitespace before $ucfirst_sign_off\n" . $herecurr);
1559                         }
1560                         if ($sign_off =~ /-by:$/i && $sign_off ne $ucfirst_sign_off) {
1561                                 WARN("BAD_SIGN_OFF",
1562                                      "'$ucfirst_sign_off' is the preferred signature form\n" . $herecurr);
1563                         }
1564                         if (!defined $space_after || $space_after ne " ") {
1565                                 WARN("BAD_SIGN_OFF",
1566                                      "Use a single space after $ucfirst_sign_off\n" . $herecurr);
1567                         }
1568
1569                         my ($email_name, $email_address, $comment) = parse_email($email);
1570                         my $suggested_email = format_email(($email_name, $email_address));
1571                         if ($suggested_email eq "") {
1572                                 ERROR("BAD_SIGN_OFF",
1573                                       "Unrecognized email address: '$email'\n" . $herecurr);
1574                         } else {
1575                                 my $dequoted = $suggested_email;
1576                                 $dequoted =~ s/^"//;
1577                                 $dequoted =~ s/" </ </;
1578                                 # Don't force email to have quotes
1579                                 # Allow just an angle bracketed address
1580                                 if ("$dequoted$comment" ne $email &&
1581                                     "<$email_address>$comment" ne $email &&
1582                                     "$suggested_email$comment" ne $email) {
1583                                         WARN("BAD_SIGN_OFF",
1584                                              "email address '$email' might be better as '$suggested_email$comment'\n" . $herecurr);
1585                                 }
1586                         }
1587                 }
1588
1589 # Check for wrappage within a valid hunk of the file
1590                 if ($realcnt != 0 && $line !~ m{^(?:\+|-| |\\ No newline|$)}) {
1591                         ERROR("CORRUPTED_PATCH",
1592                               "patch seems to be corrupt (line wrapped?)\n" .
1593                                 $herecurr) if (!$emitted_corrupt++);
1594                 }
1595
1596 # Check for absolute kernel paths.
1597                 if ($tree) {
1598                         while ($line =~ m{(?:^|\s)(/\S*)}g) {
1599                                 my $file = $1;
1600
1601                                 if ($file =~ m{^(.*?)(?::\d+)+:?$} &&
1602                                     check_absolute_file($1, $herecurr)) {
1603                                         #
1604                                 } else {
1605                                         check_absolute_file($file, $herecurr);
1606                                 }
1607                         }
1608                 }
1609
1610 # UTF-8 regex found at http://www.w3.org/International/questions/qa-forms-utf-8.en.php
1611                 if (($realfile =~ /^$/ || $line =~ /^\+/) &&
1612                     $rawline !~ m/^$UTF8*$/) {
1613                         my ($utf8_prefix) = ($rawline =~ /^($UTF8*)/);
1614
1615                         my $blank = copy_spacing($rawline);
1616                         my $ptr = substr($blank, 0, length($utf8_prefix)) . "^";
1617                         my $hereptr = "$hereline$ptr\n";
1618
1619                         CHK("INVALID_UTF8",
1620                             "Invalid UTF-8, patch and commit message should be encoded in UTF-8\n" . $hereptr);
1621                 }
1622
1623 # Check if it's the start of a commit log
1624 # (not a header line and we haven't seen the patch filename)
1625                 if ($in_header_lines && $realfile =~ /^$/ &&
1626                     $rawline !~ /^(commit\b|from\b|\w+:).+$/i) {
1627                         $in_header_lines = 0;
1628                         $in_commit_log = 1;
1629                 }
1630
1631 # Still not yet in a patch, check for any UTF-8
1632                 if ($in_commit_log && $realfile =~ /^$/ &&
1633                     $rawline =~ /$NON_ASCII_UTF8/) {
1634                         CHK("UTF8_BEFORE_PATCH",
1635                             "8-bit UTF-8 used in possible commit log\n" . $herecurr);
1636                 }
1637
1638 # ignore non-hunk lines and lines being removed
1639                 next if (!$hunk_line || $line =~ /^-/);
1640
1641 #trailing whitespace
1642                 if ($line =~ /^\+.*\015/) {
1643                         my $herevet = "$here\n" . cat_vet($rawline) . "\n";
1644                         ERROR("DOS_LINE_ENDINGS",
1645                               "DOS line endings\n" . $herevet);
1646
1647                 } elsif ($rawline =~ /^\+.*\S\s+$/ || $rawline =~ /^\+\s+$/) {
1648                         my $herevet = "$here\n" . cat_vet($rawline) . "\n";
1649                         ERROR("TRAILING_WHITESPACE",
1650                               "trailing whitespace\n" . $herevet);
1651                         $rpt_cleaners = 1;
1652                 }
1653
1654 # check for Kconfig help text having a real description
1655 # Only applies when adding the entry originally, after that we do not have
1656 # sufficient context to determine whether it is indeed long enough.
1657                 if ($realfile =~ /Kconfig/ &&
1658                     $line =~ /\+\s*(?:---)?help(?:---)?$/) {
1659                         my $length = 0;
1660                         my $cnt = $realcnt;
1661                         my $ln = $linenr + 1;
1662                         my $f;
1663                         my $is_end = 0;
1664                         while ($cnt > 0 && defined $lines[$ln - 1]) {
1665                                 $f = $lines[$ln - 1];
1666                                 $cnt-- if ($lines[$ln - 1] !~ /^-/);
1667                                 $is_end = $lines[$ln - 1] =~ /^\+/;
1668                                 $ln++;
1669
1670                                 next if ($f =~ /^-/);
1671                                 $f =~ s/^.//;
1672                                 $f =~ s/#.*//;
1673                                 $f =~ s/^\s+//;
1674                                 next if ($f =~ /^$/);
1675                                 if ($f =~ /^\s*config\s/) {
1676                                         $is_end = 1;
1677                                         last;
1678                                 }
1679                                 $length++;
1680                         }
1681                         WARN("CONFIG_DESCRIPTION",
1682                              "please write a paragraph that describes the config symbol fully\n" . $herecurr) if ($is_end && $length < 4);
1683                         #print "is_end<$is_end> length<$length>\n";
1684                 }
1685
1686                 if (($realfile =~ /Makefile.*/ || $realfile =~ /Kbuild.*/) &&
1687                     ($line =~ /\+(EXTRA_[A-Z]+FLAGS).*/)) {
1688                         my $flag = $1;
1689                         my $replacement = {
1690                                 'EXTRA_AFLAGS' =>   'asflags-y',
1691                                 'EXTRA_CFLAGS' =>   'ccflags-y',
1692                                 'EXTRA_CPPFLAGS' => 'cppflags-y',
1693                                 'EXTRA_LDFLAGS' =>  'ldflags-y',
1694                         };
1695
1696                         WARN("DEPRECATED_VARIABLE",
1697                              "Use of $flag is deprecated, please use \`$replacement->{$flag} instead.\n" . $herecurr) if ($replacement->{$flag});
1698                 }
1699
1700 # check we are in a valid source file if not then ignore this hunk
1701                 next if ($realfile !~ /\.(h|c|s|S|pl|sh)$/);
1702
1703 #80 column limit
1704                 if ($line =~ /^\+/ && $prevrawline !~ /\/\*\*/ &&
1705                     $rawline !~ /^.\s*\*\s*\@$Ident\s/ &&
1706                     !($line =~ /^\+\s*$logFunctions\s*\(\s*(?:(KERN_\S+\s*|[^"]*))?"[X\t]*"\s*(?:|,|\)\s*;)\s*$/ ||
1707                     $line =~ /^\+\s*"[^"]*"\s*(?:\s*|,|\)\s*;)\s*$/) &&
1708                     $length > 80)
1709                 {
1710                         WARN("LONG_LINE",
1711                              "line over 80 characters\n" . $herecurr);
1712                 }
1713
1714 # check for spaces before a quoted newline
1715                 if ($rawline =~ /^.*\".*\s\\n/) {
1716                         WARN("QUOTED_WHITESPACE_BEFORE_NEWLINE",
1717                              "unnecessary whitespace before a quoted newline\n" . $herecurr);
1718                 }
1719
1720 # check for adding lines without a newline.
1721                 if ($line =~ /^\+/ && defined $lines[$linenr] && $lines[$linenr] =~ /^\\ No newline at end of file/) {
1722                         WARN("MISSING_EOF_NEWLINE",
1723                              "adding a line without newline at end of file\n" . $herecurr);
1724                 }
1725
1726 # Blackfin: use hi/lo macros
1727                 if ($realfile =~ m@arch/blackfin/.*\.S$@) {
1728                         if ($line =~ /\.[lL][[:space:]]*=.*&[[:space:]]*0x[fF][fF][fF][fF]/) {
1729                                 my $herevet = "$here\n" . cat_vet($line) . "\n";
1730                                 ERROR("LO_MACRO",
1731                                       "use the LO() macro, not (... & 0xFFFF)\n" . $herevet);
1732                         }
1733                         if ($line =~ /\.[hH][[:space:]]*=.*>>[[:space:]]*16/) {
1734                                 my $herevet = "$here\n" . cat_vet($line) . "\n";
1735                                 ERROR("HI_MACRO",
1736                                       "use the HI() macro, not (... >> 16)\n" . $herevet);
1737                         }
1738                 }
1739
1740 # check we are in a valid source file C or perl if not then ignore this hunk
1741                 next if ($realfile !~ /\.(h|c|pl)$/);
1742
1743 # at the beginning of a line any tabs must come first and anything
1744 # more than 8 must use tabs.
1745                 if ($rawline =~ /^\+\s* \t\s*\S/ ||
1746                     $rawline =~ /^\+\s*        \s*/) {
1747                         my $herevet = "$here\n" . cat_vet($rawline) . "\n";
1748                         ERROR("CODE_INDENT",
1749                               "code indent should use tabs where possible\n" . $herevet);
1750                         $rpt_cleaners = 1;
1751                 }
1752
1753 # check for space before tabs.
1754                 if ($rawline =~ /^\+/ && $rawline =~ / \t/) {
1755                         my $herevet = "$here\n" . cat_vet($rawline) . "\n";
1756                         WARN("SPACE_BEFORE_TAB",
1757                              "please, no space before tabs\n" . $herevet);
1758                 }
1759
1760 # check for spaces at the beginning of a line.
1761 # Exceptions:
1762 #  1) within comments
1763 #  2) indented preprocessor commands
1764 #  3) hanging labels
1765                 if ($rawline =~ /^\+ / && $line !~ /\+ *(?:$;|#|$Ident:)/)  {
1766                         my $herevet = "$here\n" . cat_vet($rawline) . "\n";
1767                         WARN("LEADING_SPACE",
1768                              "please, no spaces at the start of a line\n" . $herevet);
1769                 }
1770
1771 # check we are in a valid C source file if not then ignore this hunk
1772                 next if ($realfile !~ /\.(h|c)$/);
1773
1774 # check for RCS/CVS revision markers
1775                 if ($rawline =~ /^\+.*\$(Revision|Log|Id)(?:\$|)/) {
1776                         WARN("CVS_KEYWORD",
1777                              "CVS style keyword markers, these will _not_ be updated\n". $herecurr);
1778                 }
1779
1780 # Blackfin: don't use __builtin_bfin_[cs]sync
1781                 if ($line =~ /__builtin_bfin_csync/) {
1782                         my $herevet = "$here\n" . cat_vet($line) . "\n";
1783                         ERROR("CSYNC",
1784                               "use the CSYNC() macro in asm/blackfin.h\n" . $herevet);
1785                 }
1786                 if ($line =~ /__builtin_bfin_ssync/) {
1787                         my $herevet = "$here\n" . cat_vet($line) . "\n";
1788                         ERROR("SSYNC",
1789                               "use the SSYNC() macro in asm/blackfin.h\n" . $herevet);
1790                 }
1791
1792 # Check for potential 'bare' types
1793                 my ($stat, $cond, $line_nr_next, $remain_next, $off_next,
1794                     $realline_next);
1795                 if ($realcnt && $line =~ /.\s*\S/) {
1796                         ($stat, $cond, $line_nr_next, $remain_next, $off_next) =
1797                                 ctx_statement_block($linenr, $realcnt, 0);
1798                         $stat =~ s/\n./\n /g;
1799                         $cond =~ s/\n./\n /g;
1800
1801                         # Find the real next line.
1802                         $realline_next = $line_nr_next;
1803                         if (defined $realline_next &&
1804                             (!defined $lines[$realline_next - 1] ||
1805                              substr($lines[$realline_next - 1], $off_next) =~ /^\s*$/)) {
1806                                 $realline_next++;
1807                         }
1808
1809                         my $s = $stat;
1810                         $s =~ s/{.*$//s;
1811
1812                         # Ignore goto labels.
1813                         if ($s =~ /$Ident:\*$/s) {
1814
1815                         # Ignore functions being called
1816                         } elsif ($s =~ /^.\s*$Ident\s*\(/s) {
1817
1818                         } elsif ($s =~ /^.\s*else\b/s) {
1819
1820                         # declarations always start with types
1821                         } elsif ($prev_values eq 'E' && $s =~ /^.\s*(?:$Storage\s+)?(?:$Inline\s+)?(?:const\s+)?((?:\s*$Ident)+?)\b(?:\s+$Sparse)?\s*\**\s*(?:$Ident|\(\*[^\)]*\))(?:\s*$Modifier)?\s*(?:;|=|,|\()/s) {
1822                                 my $type = $1;
1823                                 $type =~ s/\s+/ /g;
1824                                 possible($type, "A:" . $s);
1825
1826                         # definitions in global scope can only start with types
1827                         } elsif ($s =~ /^.(?:$Storage\s+)?(?:$Inline\s+)?(?:const\s+)?($Ident)\b\s*(?!:)/s) {
1828                                 possible($1, "B:" . $s);
1829                         }
1830
1831                         # any (foo ... *) is a pointer cast, and foo is a type
1832                         while ($s =~ /\(($Ident)(?:\s+$Sparse)*[\s\*]+\s*\)/sg) {
1833                                 possible($1, "C:" . $s);
1834                         }
1835
1836                         # Check for any sort of function declaration.
1837                         # int foo(something bar, other baz);
1838                         # void (*store_gdt)(x86_descr_ptr *);
1839                         if ($prev_values eq 'E' && $s =~ /^(.(?:typedef\s*)?(?:(?:$Storage|$Inline)\s*)*\s*$Type\s*(?:\b$Ident|\(\*\s*$Ident\))\s*)\(/s) {
1840                                 my ($name_len) = length($1);
1841
1842                                 my $ctx = $s;
1843                                 substr($ctx, 0, $name_len + 1, '');
1844                                 $ctx =~ s/\)[^\)]*$//;
1845
1846                                 for my $arg (split(/\s*,\s*/, $ctx)) {
1847                                         if ($arg =~ /^(?:const\s+)?($Ident)(?:\s+$Sparse)*\s*\**\s*(:?\b$Ident)?$/s || $arg =~ /^($Ident)$/s) {
1848
1849                                                 possible($1, "D:" . $s);
1850                                         }
1851                                 }
1852                         }
1853
1854                 }
1855
1856 #
1857 # Checks which may be anchored in the context.
1858 #
1859
1860 # Check for switch () and associated case and default
1861 # statements should be at the same indent.
1862                 if ($line=~/\bswitch\s*\(.*\)/) {
1863                         my $err = '';
1864                         my $sep = '';
1865                         my @ctx = ctx_block_outer($linenr, $realcnt);
1866                         shift(@ctx);
1867                         for my $ctx (@ctx) {
1868                                 my ($clen, $cindent) = line_stats($ctx);
1869                                 if ($ctx =~ /^\+\s*(case\s+|default:)/ &&
1870                                                         $indent != $cindent) {
1871                                         $err .= "$sep$ctx\n";
1872                                         $sep = '';
1873                                 } else {
1874                                         $sep = "[...]\n";
1875                                 }
1876                         }
1877                         if ($err ne '') {
1878                                 ERROR("SWITCH_CASE_INDENT_LEVEL",
1879                                       "switch and case should be at the same indent\n$hereline$err");
1880                         }
1881                 }
1882
1883 # if/while/etc brace do not go on next line, unless defining a do while loop,
1884 # or if that brace on the next line is for something else
1885                 if ($line =~ /(.*)\b((?:if|while|for|switch)\s*\(|do\b|else\b)/ && $line !~ /^.\s*\#/) {
1886                         my $pre_ctx = "$1$2";
1887
1888                         my ($level, @ctx) = ctx_statement_level($linenr, $realcnt, 0);
1889                         my $ctx_cnt = $realcnt - $#ctx - 1;
1890                         my $ctx = join("\n", @ctx);
1891
1892                         my $ctx_ln = $linenr;
1893                         my $ctx_skip = $realcnt;
1894
1895                         while ($ctx_skip > $ctx_cnt || ($ctx_skip == $ctx_cnt &&
1896                                         defined $lines[$ctx_ln - 1] &&
1897                                         $lines[$ctx_ln - 1] =~ /^-/)) {
1898                                 ##print "SKIP<$ctx_skip> CNT<$ctx_cnt>\n";
1899                                 $ctx_skip-- if (!defined $lines[$ctx_ln - 1] || $lines[$ctx_ln - 1] !~ /^-/);
1900                                 $ctx_ln++;
1901                         }
1902
1903                         #print "realcnt<$realcnt> ctx_cnt<$ctx_cnt>\n";
1904                         #print "pre<$pre_ctx>\nline<$line>\nctx<$ctx>\nnext<$lines[$ctx_ln - 1]>\n";
1905
1906                         if ($ctx !~ /{\s*/ && defined($lines[$ctx_ln -1]) && $lines[$ctx_ln - 1] =~ /^\+\s*{/) {
1907                                 ERROR("OPEN_BRACE",
1908                                       "that open brace { should be on the previous line\n" .
1909                                         "$here\n$ctx\n$rawlines[$ctx_ln - 1]\n");
1910                         }
1911                         if ($level == 0 && $pre_ctx !~ /}\s*while\s*\($/ &&
1912                             $ctx =~ /\)\s*\;\s*$/ &&
1913                             defined $lines[$ctx_ln - 1])
1914                         {
1915                                 my ($nlength, $nindent) = line_stats($lines[$ctx_ln - 1]);
1916                                 if ($nindent > $indent) {
1917                                         WARN("TRAILING_SEMICOLON",
1918                                              "trailing semicolon indicates no statements, indent implies otherwise\n" .
1919                                                 "$here\n$ctx\n$rawlines[$ctx_ln - 1]\n");
1920                                 }
1921                         }
1922                 }
1923
1924 # Check relative indent for conditionals and blocks.
1925                 if ($line =~ /\b(?:(?:if|while|for)\s*\(|do\b)/ && $line !~ /^.\s*#/ && $line !~ /\}\s*while\s*/) {
1926                         my ($s, $c) = ($stat, $cond);
1927
1928                         substr($s, 0, length($c), '');
1929
1930                         # Make sure we remove the line prefixes as we have
1931                         # none on the first line, and are going to readd them
1932                         # where necessary.
1933                         $s =~ s/\n./\n/gs;
1934
1935                         # Find out how long the conditional actually is.
1936                         my @newlines = ($c =~ /\n/gs);
1937                         my $cond_lines = 1 + $#newlines;
1938
1939                         # We want to check the first line inside the block
1940                         # starting at the end of the conditional, so remove:
1941                         #  1) any blank line termination
1942                         #  2) any opening brace { on end of the line
1943                         #  3) any do (...) {
1944                         my $continuation = 0;
1945                         my $check = 0;
1946                         $s =~ s/^.*\bdo\b//;
1947                         $s =~ s/^\s*{//;
1948                         if ($s =~ s/^\s*\\//) {
1949                                 $continuation = 1;
1950                         }
1951                         if ($s =~ s/^\s*?\n//) {
1952                                 $check = 1;
1953                                 $cond_lines++;
1954                         }
1955
1956                         # Also ignore a loop construct at the end of a
1957                         # preprocessor statement.
1958                         if (($prevline =~ /^.\s*#\s*define\s/ ||
1959                             $prevline =~ /\\\s*$/) && $continuation == 0) {
1960                                 $check = 0;
1961                         }
1962
1963                         my $cond_ptr = -1;
1964                         $continuation = 0;
1965                         while ($cond_ptr != $cond_lines) {
1966                                 $cond_ptr = $cond_lines;
1967
1968                                 # If we see an #else/#elif then the code
1969                                 # is not linear.
1970                                 if ($s =~ /^\s*\#\s*(?:else|elif)/) {
1971                                         $check = 0;
1972                                 }
1973
1974                                 # Ignore:
1975                                 #  1) blank lines, they should be at 0,
1976                                 #  2) preprocessor lines, and
1977                                 #  3) labels.
1978                                 if ($continuation ||
1979                                     $s =~ /^\s*?\n/ ||
1980                                     $s =~ /^\s*#\s*?/ ||
1981                                     $s =~ /^\s*$Ident\s*:/) {
1982                                         $continuation = ($s =~ /^.*?\\\n/) ? 1 : 0;
1983                                         if ($s =~ s/^.*?\n//) {
1984                                                 $cond_lines++;
1985                                         }
1986                                 }
1987                         }
1988
1989                         my (undef, $sindent) = line_stats("+" . $s);
1990                         my $stat_real = raw_line($linenr, $cond_lines);
1991
1992                         # Check if either of these lines are modified, else
1993                         # this is not this patch's fault.
1994                         if (!defined($stat_real) ||
1995                             $stat !~ /^\+/ && $stat_real !~ /^\+/) {
1996                                 $check = 0;
1997                         }
1998                         if (defined($stat_real) && $cond_lines > 1) {
1999                                 $stat_real = "[...]\n$stat_real";
2000                         }
2001
2002                         #print "line<$line> prevline<$prevline> indent<$indent> sindent<$sindent> check<$check> continuation<$continuation> s<$s> cond_lines<$cond_lines> stat_real<$stat_real> stat<$stat>\n";
2003
2004                         if ($check && (($sindent % 8) != 0 ||
2005                             ($sindent <= $indent && $s ne ''))) {
2006                                 WARN("SUSPECT_CODE_INDENT",
2007                                      "suspect code indent for conditional statements ($indent, $sindent)\n" . $herecurr . "$stat_real\n");
2008                         }
2009                 }
2010
2011                 # Track the 'values' across context and added lines.
2012                 my $opline = $line; $opline =~ s/^./ /;
2013                 my ($curr_values, $curr_vars) =
2014                                 annotate_values($opline . "\n", $prev_values);
2015                 $curr_values = $prev_values . $curr_values;
2016                 if ($dbg_values) {
2017                         my $outline = $opline; $outline =~ s/\t/ /g;
2018                         print "$linenr > .$outline\n";
2019                         print "$linenr > $curr_values\n";
2020                         print "$linenr >  $curr_vars\n";
2021                 }
2022                 $prev_values = substr($curr_values, -1);
2023
2024 #ignore lines not being added
2025                 if ($line=~/^[^\+]/) {next;}
2026
2027 # TEST: allow direct testing of the type matcher.
2028                 if ($dbg_type) {
2029                         if ($line =~ /^.\s*$Declare\s*$/) {
2030                                 ERROR("TEST_TYPE",
2031                                       "TEST: is type\n" . $herecurr);
2032                         } elsif ($dbg_type > 1 && $line =~ /^.+($Declare)/) {
2033                                 ERROR("TEST_NOT_TYPE",
2034                                       "TEST: is not type ($1 is)\n". $herecurr);
2035                         }
2036                         next;
2037                 }
2038 # TEST: allow direct testing of the attribute matcher.
2039                 if ($dbg_attr) {
2040                         if ($line =~ /^.\s*$Modifier\s*$/) {
2041                                 ERROR("TEST_ATTR",
2042                                       "TEST: is attr\n" . $herecurr);
2043                         } elsif ($dbg_attr > 1 && $line =~ /^.+($Modifier)/) {
2044                                 ERROR("TEST_NOT_ATTR",
2045                                       "TEST: is not attr ($1 is)\n". $herecurr);
2046                         }
2047                         next;
2048                 }
2049
2050 # check for initialisation to aggregates open brace on the next line
2051                 if ($line =~ /^.\s*{/ &&
2052                     $prevline =~ /(?:^|[^=])=\s*$/) {
2053                         ERROR("OPEN_BRACE",
2054                               "that open brace { should be on the previous line\n" . $hereprev);
2055                 }
2056
2057 #
2058 # Checks which are anchored on the added line.
2059 #
2060
2061 # check for malformed paths in #include statements (uses RAW line)
2062                 if ($rawline =~ m{^.\s*\#\s*include\s+[<"](.*)[">]}) {
2063                         my $path = $1;
2064                         if ($path =~ m{//}) {
2065                                 ERROR("MALFORMED_INCLUDE",
2066                                       "malformed #include filename\n" .
2067                                         $herecurr);
2068                         }
2069                 }
2070
2071 # no C99 // comments
2072                 if ($line =~ m{//}) {
2073                         ERROR("C99_COMMENTS",
2074                               "do not use C99 // comments\n" . $herecurr);
2075                 }
2076                 # Remove C99 comments.
2077                 $line =~ s@//.*@@;
2078                 $opline =~ s@//.*@@;
2079
2080 # EXPORT_SYMBOL should immediately follow the thing it is exporting, consider
2081 # the whole statement.
2082 #print "APW <$lines[$realline_next - 1]>\n";
2083                 if (defined $realline_next &&
2084                     exists $lines[$realline_next - 1] &&
2085                     !defined $suppress_export{$realline_next} &&
2086                     ($lines[$realline_next - 1] =~ /EXPORT_SYMBOL.*\((.*)\)/ ||
2087                      $lines[$realline_next - 1] =~ /EXPORT_UNUSED_SYMBOL.*\((.*)\)/)) {
2088                         # Handle definitions which produce identifiers with
2089                         # a prefix:
2090                         #   XXX(foo);
2091                         #   EXPORT_SYMBOL(something_foo);
2092                         my $name = $1;
2093                         if ($stat =~ /^.([A-Z_]+)\s*\(\s*($Ident)/ &&
2094                             $name =~ /^${Ident}_$2/) {
2095 #print "FOO C name<$name>\n";
2096                                 $suppress_export{$realline_next} = 1;
2097
2098                         } elsif ($stat !~ /(?:
2099                                 \n.}\s*$|
2100                                 ^.DEFINE_$Ident\(\Q$name\E\)|
2101                                 ^.DECLARE_$Ident\(\Q$name\E\)|
2102                                 ^.LIST_HEAD\(\Q$name\E\)|
2103                                 ^.(?:$Storage\s+)?$Type\s*\(\s*\*\s*\Q$name\E\s*\)\s*\(|
2104                                 \b\Q$name\E(?:\s+$Attribute)*\s*(?:;|=|\[|\()
2105                             )/x) {
2106 #print "FOO A<$lines[$realline_next - 1]> stat<$stat> name<$name>\n";
2107                                 $suppress_export{$realline_next} = 2;
2108                         } else {
2109                                 $suppress_export{$realline_next} = 1;
2110                         }
2111                 }
2112                 if (!defined $suppress_export{$linenr} &&
2113                     $prevline =~ /^.\s*$/ &&
2114                     ($line =~ /EXPORT_SYMBOL.*\((.*)\)/ ||
2115                      $line =~ /EXPORT_UNUSED_SYMBOL.*\((.*)\)/)) {
2116 #print "FOO B <$lines[$linenr - 1]>\n";
2117                         $suppress_export{$linenr} = 2;
2118                 }
2119                 if (defined $suppress_export{$linenr} &&
2120                     $suppress_export{$linenr} == 2) {
2121                         WARN("EXPORT_SYMBOL",
2122                              "EXPORT_SYMBOL(foo); should immediately follow its function/variable\n" . $herecurr);
2123                 }
2124
2125 # check for global initialisers.
2126                 if ($line =~ /^.$Type\s*$Ident\s*(?:\s+$Modifier)*\s*=\s*(0|NULL|false)\s*;/) {
2127                         ERROR("GLOBAL_INITIALISERS",
2128                               "do not initialise globals to 0 or NULL\n" .
2129                                 $herecurr);
2130                 }
2131 # check for static initialisers.
2132                 if ($line =~ /\bstatic\s.*=\s*(0|NULL|false)\s*;/) {
2133                         ERROR("INITIALISED_STATIC",
2134                               "do not initialise statics to 0 or NULL\n" .
2135                                 $herecurr);
2136                 }
2137
2138 # check for static const char * arrays.
2139                 if ($line =~ /\bstatic\s+const\s+char\s*\*\s*(\w+)\s*\[\s*\]\s*=\s*/) {
2140                         WARN("STATIC_CONST_CHAR_ARRAY",
2141                              "static const char * array should probably be static const char * const\n" .
2142                                 $herecurr);
2143                }
2144
2145 # check for static char foo[] = "bar" declarations.
2146                 if ($line =~ /\bstatic\s+char\s+(\w+)\s*\[\s*\]\s*=\s*"/) {
2147                         WARN("STATIC_CONST_CHAR_ARRAY",
2148                              "static char array declaration should probably be static const char\n" .
2149                                 $herecurr);
2150                }
2151
2152 # check for declarations of struct pci_device_id
2153                 if ($line =~ /\bstruct\s+pci_device_id\s+\w+\s*\[\s*\]\s*\=\s*\{/) {
2154                         WARN("DEFINE_PCI_DEVICE_TABLE",
2155                              "Use DEFINE_PCI_DEVICE_TABLE for struct pci_device_id\n" . $herecurr);
2156                 }
2157
2158 # check for new typedefs, only function parameters and sparse annotations
2159 # make sense.
2160                 if ($line =~ /\btypedef\s/ &&
2161                     $line !~ /\btypedef\s+$Type\s*\(\s*\*?$Ident\s*\)\s*\(/ &&
2162                     $line !~ /\btypedef\s+$Type\s+$Ident\s*\(/ &&
2163                     $line !~ /\b$typeTypedefs\b/ &&
2164                     $line !~ /\b__bitwise(?:__|)\b/) {
2165                         WARN("NEW_TYPEDEFS",
2166                              "do not add new typedefs\n" . $herecurr);
2167                 }
2168
2169 # * goes on variable not on type
2170                 # (char*[ const])
2171                 if ($line =~ m{\($NonptrType(\s*(?:$Modifier\b\s*|\*\s*)+)\)}) {
2172                         my ($from, $to) = ($1, $1);
2173
2174                         # Should start with a space.
2175                         $to =~ s/^(\S)/ $1/;
2176                         # Should not end with a space.
2177                         $to =~ s/\s+$//;
2178                         # '*'s should not have spaces between.
2179                         while ($to =~ s/\*\s+\*/\*\*/) {
2180                         }
2181
2182                         #print "from<$from> to<$to>\n";
2183                         if ($from ne $to) {
2184                                 ERROR("POINTER_LOCATION",
2185                                       "\"(foo$from)\" should be \"(foo$to)\"\n" .  $herecurr);
2186                         }
2187                 } elsif ($line =~ m{\b$NonptrType(\s*(?:$Modifier\b\s*|\*\s*)+)($Ident)}) {
2188                         my ($from, $to, $ident) = ($1, $1, $2);
2189
2190                         # Should start with a space.
2191                         $to =~ s/^(\S)/ $1/;
2192                         # Should not end with a space.
2193                         $to =~ s/\s+$//;
2194                         # '*'s should not have spaces between.
2195                         while ($to =~ s/\*\s+\*/\*\*/) {
2196                         }
2197                         # Modifiers should have spaces.
2198                         $to =~ s/(\b$Modifier$)/$1 /;
2199
2200                         #print "from<$from> to<$to> ident<$ident>\n";
2201                         if ($from ne $to && $ident !~ /^$Modifier$/) {
2202                                 ERROR("POINTER_LOCATION",
2203                                       "\"foo${from}bar\" should be \"foo${to}bar\"\n" .  $herecurr);
2204                         }
2205                 }
2206
2207 # # no BUG() or BUG_ON()
2208 #               if ($line =~ /\b(BUG|BUG_ON)\b/) {
2209 #                       print "Try to use WARN_ON & Recovery code rather than BUG() or BUG_ON()\n";
2210 #                       print "$herecurr";
2211 #                       $clean = 0;
2212 #               }
2213
2214                 if ($line =~ /\bLINUX_VERSION_CODE\b/) {
2215                         WARN("LINUX_VERSION_CODE",
2216                              "LINUX_VERSION_CODE should be avoided, code should be for the version to which it is merged\n" . $herecurr);
2217                 }
2218
2219 # check for uses of printk_ratelimit
2220                 if ($line =~ /\bprintk_ratelimit\s*\(/) {
2221                         WARN("PRINTK_RATELIMITED",
2222 "Prefer printk_ratelimited or pr_<level>_ratelimited to printk_ratelimit\n" . $herecurr);
2223                 }
2224
2225 # printk should use KERN_* levels.  Note that follow on printk's on the
2226 # same line do not need a level, so we use the current block context
2227 # to try and find and validate the current printk.  In summary the current
2228 # printk includes all preceding printk's which have no newline on the end.
2229 # we assume the first bad printk is the one to report.
2230                 if ($line =~ /\bprintk\((?!KERN_)\s*"/) {
2231                         my $ok = 0;
2232                         for (my $ln = $linenr - 1; $ln >= $first_line; $ln--) {
2233                                 #print "CHECK<$lines[$ln - 1]\n";
2234                                 # we have a preceding printk if it ends
2235                                 # with "\n" ignore it, else it is to blame
2236                                 if ($lines[$ln - 1] =~ m{\bprintk\(}) {
2237                                         if ($rawlines[$ln - 1] !~ m{\\n"}) {
2238                                                 $ok = 1;
2239                                         }
2240                                         last;
2241                                 }
2242                         }
2243                         if ($ok == 0) {
2244                                 WARN("PRINTK_WITHOUT_KERN_LEVEL",
2245                                      "printk() should include KERN_ facility level\n" . $herecurr);
2246                         }
2247                 }
2248
2249 # function brace can't be on same line, except for #defines of do while,
2250 # or if closed on same line
2251                 if (($line=~/$Type\s*$Ident\(.*\).*\s{/) and
2252                     !($line=~/\#\s*define.*do\s{/) and !($line=~/}/)) {
2253                         ERROR("OPEN_BRACE",
2254                               "open brace '{' following function declarations go on the next line\n" . $herecurr);
2255                 }
2256
2257 # open braces for enum, union and struct go on the same line.
2258                 if ($line =~ /^.\s*{/ &&
2259                     $prevline =~ /^.\s*(?:typedef\s+)?(enum|union|struct)(?:\s+$Ident)?\s*$/) {
2260                         ERROR("OPEN_BRACE",
2261                               "open brace '{' following $1 go on the same line\n" . $hereprev);
2262                 }
2263
2264 # missing space after union, struct or enum definition
2265                 if ($line =~ /^.\s*(?:typedef\s+)?(enum|union|struct)(?:\s+$Ident)?(?:\s+$Ident)?[=\{]/) {
2266                     WARN("SPACING",
2267                          "missing space after $1 definition\n" . $herecurr);
2268                 }
2269
2270 # check for spacing round square brackets; allowed:
2271 #  1. with a type on the left -- int [] a;
2272 #  2. at the beginning of a line for slice initialisers -- [0...10] = 5,
2273 #  3. inside a curly brace -- = { [0...10] = 5 }
2274                 while ($line =~ /(.*?\s)\[/g) {
2275                         my ($where, $prefix) = ($-[1], $1);
2276                         if ($prefix !~ /$Type\s+$/ &&
2277                             ($where != 0 || $prefix !~ /^.\s+$/) &&
2278                             $prefix !~ /{\s+$/) {
2279                                 ERROR("BRACKET_SPACE",
2280                                       "space prohibited before open square bracket '['\n" . $herecurr);
2281                         }
2282                 }
2283
2284 # check for spaces between functions and their parentheses.
2285                 while ($line =~ /($Ident)\s+\(/g) {
2286                         my $name = $1;
2287                         my $ctx_before = substr($line, 0, $-[1]);
2288                         my $ctx = "$ctx_before$name";
2289
2290                         # Ignore those directives where spaces _are_ permitted.
2291                         if ($name =~ /^(?:
2292                                 if|for|while|switch|return|case|
2293                                 volatile|__volatile__|
2294                                 __attribute__|format|__extension__|
2295                                 asm|__asm__)$/x)
2296                         {
2297
2298                         # cpp #define statements have non-optional spaces, ie
2299                         # if there is a space between the name and the open
2300                         # parenthesis it is simply not a parameter group.
2301                         } elsif ($ctx_before =~ /^.\s*\#\s*define\s*$/) {
2302
2303                         # cpp #elif statement condition may start with a (
2304                         } elsif ($ctx =~ /^.\s*\#\s*elif\s*$/) {
2305
2306                         # If this whole things ends with a type its most
2307                         # likely a typedef for a function.
2308                         } elsif ($ctx =~ /$Type$/) {
2309
2310                         } else {
2311                                 WARN("SPACING",
2312                                      "space prohibited between function name and open parenthesis '('\n" . $herecurr);
2313                         }
2314                 }
2315 # Check operator spacing.
2316                 if (!($line=~/\#\s*include/)) {
2317                         my $ops = qr{
2318                                 <<=|>>=|<=|>=|==|!=|
2319                                 \+=|-=|\*=|\/=|%=|\^=|\|=|&=|
2320                                 =>|->|<<|>>|<|>|=|!|~|
2321                                 &&|\|\||,|\^|\+\+|--|&|\||\+|-|\*|\/|%|
2322                                 \?|:
2323                         }x;
2324                         my @elements = split(/($ops|;)/, $opline);
2325                         my $off = 0;
2326
2327                         my $blank = copy_spacing($opline);
2328
2329                         for (my $n = 0; $n < $#elements; $n += 2) {
2330                                 $off += length($elements[$n]);
2331
2332                                 # Pick up the preceding and succeeding characters.
2333                                 my $ca = substr($opline, 0, $off);
2334                                 my $cc = '';
2335                                 if (length($opline) >= ($off + length($elements[$n + 1]))) {
2336                                         $cc = substr($opline, $off + length($elements[$n + 1]));
2337                                 }
2338                                 my $cb = "$ca$;$cc";
2339
2340                                 my $a = '';
2341                                 $a = 'V' if ($elements[$n] ne '');
2342                                 $a = 'W' if ($elements[$n] =~ /\s$/);
2343                                 $a = 'C' if ($elements[$n] =~ /$;$/);
2344                                 $a = 'B' if ($elements[$n] =~ /(\[|\()$/);
2345                                 $a = 'O' if ($elements[$n] eq '');
2346                                 $a = 'E' if ($ca =~ /^\s*$/);
2347
2348                                 my $op = $elements[$n + 1];
2349
2350                                 my $c = '';
2351                                 if (defined $elements[$n + 2]) {
2352                                         $c = 'V' if ($elements[$n + 2] ne '');
2353                                         $c = 'W' if ($elements[$n + 2] =~ /^\s/);
2354                                         $c = 'C' if ($elements[$n + 2] =~ /^$;/);
2355                                         $c = 'B' if ($elements[$n + 2] =~ /^(\)|\]|;)/);
2356                                         $c = 'O' if ($elements[$n + 2] eq '');
2357                                         $c = 'E' if ($elements[$n + 2] =~ /^\s*\\$/);
2358                                 } else {
2359                                         $c = 'E';
2360                                 }
2361
2362                                 my $ctx = "${a}x${c}";
2363
2364                                 my $at = "(ctx:$ctx)";
2365
2366                                 my $ptr = substr($blank, 0, $off) . "^";
2367                                 my $hereptr = "$hereline$ptr\n";
2368
2369                                 # Pull out the value of this operator.
2370                                 my $op_type = substr($curr_values, $off + 1, 1);
2371
2372                                 # Get the full operator variant.
2373                                 my $opv = $op . substr($curr_vars, $off, 1);
2374
2375                                 # Ignore operators passed as parameters.
2376                                 if ($op_type ne 'V' &&
2377                                     $ca =~ /\s$/ && $cc =~ /^\s*,/) {
2378
2379 #                               # Ignore comments
2380 #                               } elsif ($op =~ /^$;+$/) {
2381
2382                                 # ; should have either the end of line or a space or \ after it
2383                                 } elsif ($op eq ';') {
2384                                         if ($ctx !~ /.x[WEBC]/ &&
2385                                             $cc !~ /^\\/ && $cc !~ /^;/) {
2386                                                 ERROR("SPACING",
2387                                                       "space required after that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2388                                         }
2389
2390                                 # // is a comment
2391                                 } elsif ($op eq '//') {
2392
2393                                 # No spaces for:
2394                                 #   ->
2395                                 #   :   when part of a bitfield
2396                                 } elsif ($op eq '->' || $opv eq ':B') {
2397                                         if ($ctx =~ /Wx.|.xW/) {
2398                                                 ERROR("SPACING",
2399                                                       "spaces prohibited around that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2400                                         }
2401
2402                                 # , must have a space on the right.
2403                                 } elsif ($op eq ',') {
2404                                         if ($ctx !~ /.x[WEC]/ && $cc !~ /^}/) {
2405                                                 ERROR("SPACING",
2406                                                       "space required after that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2407                                         }
2408
2409                                 # '*' as part of a type definition -- reported already.
2410                                 } elsif ($opv eq '*_') {
2411                                         #warn "'*' is part of type\n";
2412
2413                                 # unary operators should have a space before and
2414                                 # none after.  May be left adjacent to another
2415                                 # unary operator, or a cast
2416                                 } elsif ($op eq '!' || $op eq '~' ||
2417                                          $opv eq '*U' || $opv eq '-U' ||
2418                                          $opv eq '&U' || $opv eq '&&U') {
2419                                         if ($ctx !~ /[WEBC]x./ && $ca !~ /(?:\)|!|~|\*|-|\&|\||\+\+|\-\-|\{)$/) {
2420                                                 ERROR("SPACING",
2421                                                       "space required before that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2422                                         }
2423                                         if ($op eq '*' && $cc =~/\s*$Modifier\b/) {
2424                                                 # A unary '*' may be const
2425
2426                                         } elsif ($ctx =~ /.xW/) {
2427                                                 ERROR("SPACING",
2428                                                       "space prohibited after that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2429                                         }
2430
2431                                 # unary ++ and unary -- are allowed no space on one side.
2432                                 } elsif ($op eq '++' or $op eq '--') {
2433                                         if ($ctx !~ /[WEOBC]x[^W]/ && $ctx !~ /[^W]x[WOBEC]/) {
2434                                                 ERROR("SPACING",
2435                                                       "space required one side of that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2436                                         }
2437                                         if ($ctx =~ /Wx[BE]/ ||
2438                                             ($ctx =~ /Wx./ && $cc =~ /^;/)) {
2439                                                 ERROR("SPACING",
2440                                                       "space prohibited before that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2441                                         }
2442                                         if ($ctx =~ /ExW/) {
2443                                                 ERROR("SPACING",
2444                                                       "space prohibited after that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2445                                         }
2446
2447
2448                                 # << and >> may either have or not have spaces both sides
2449                                 } elsif ($op eq '<<' or $op eq '>>' or
2450                                          $op eq '&' or $op eq '^' or $op eq '|' or
2451                                          $op eq '+' or $op eq '-' or
2452                                          $op eq '*' or $op eq '/' or
2453                                          $op eq '%')
2454                                 {
2455                                         if ($ctx =~ /Wx[^WCE]|[^WCE]xW/) {
2456                                                 ERROR("SPACING",
2457                                                       "need consistent spacing around '$op' $at\n" .
2458                                                         $hereptr);
2459                                         }
2460
2461                                 # A colon needs no spaces before when it is
2462                                 # terminating a case value or a label.
2463                                 } elsif ($opv eq ':C' || $opv eq ':L') {
2464                                         if ($ctx =~ /Wx./) {
2465                                                 ERROR("SPACING",
2466                                                       "space prohibited before that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2467                                         }
2468
2469                                 # All the others need spaces both sides.
2470                                 } elsif ($ctx !~ /[EWC]x[CWE]/) {
2471                                         my $ok = 0;
2472
2473                                         # Ignore email addresses <foo@bar>
2474                                         if (($op eq '<' &&
2475                                              $cc =~ /^\S+\@\S+>/) ||
2476                                             ($op eq '>' &&
2477                                              $ca =~ /<\S+\@\S+$/))
2478                                         {
2479                                                 $ok = 1;
2480                                         }
2481
2482                                         # Ignore ?:
2483                                         if (($opv eq ':O' && $ca =~ /\?$/) ||
2484                                             ($op eq '?' && $cc =~ /^:/)) {
2485                                                 $ok = 1;
2486                                         }
2487
2488                                         if ($ok == 0) {
2489                                                 ERROR("SPACING",
2490                                                       "spaces required around that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2491                                         }
2492                                 }
2493                                 $off += length($elements[$n + 1]);
2494                         }
2495                 }
2496
2497 # check for multiple assignments
2498                 if ($line =~ /^.\s*$Lval\s*=\s*$Lval\s*=(?!=)/) {
2499                         CHK("MULTIPLE_ASSIGNMENTS",
2500                             "multiple assignments should be avoided\n" . $herecurr);
2501                 }
2502
2503 ## # check for multiple declarations, allowing for a function declaration
2504 ## # continuation.
2505 ##              if ($line =~ /^.\s*$Type\s+$Ident(?:\s*=[^,{]*)?\s*,\s*$Ident.*/ &&
2506 ##                  $line !~ /^.\s*$Type\s+$Ident(?:\s*=[^,{]*)?\s*,\s*$Type\s*$Ident.*/) {
2507 ##
2508 ##                      # Remove any bracketed sections to ensure we do not
2509 ##                      # falsly report the parameters of functions.
2510 ##                      my $ln = $line;
2511 ##                      while ($ln =~ s/\([^\(\)]*\)//g) {
2512 ##                      }
2513 ##                      if ($ln =~ /,/) {
2514 ##                              WARN("MULTIPLE_DECLARATION",
2515 ##                                   "declaring multiple variables together should be avoided\n" . $herecurr);
2516 ##                      }
2517 ##              }
2518
2519 #need space before brace following if, while, etc
2520                 if (($line =~ /\(.*\){/ && $line !~ /\($Type\){/) ||
2521                     $line =~ /do{/) {
2522                         ERROR("SPACING",
2523                               "space required before the open brace '{'\n" . $herecurr);
2524                 }
2525
2526 # closing brace should have a space following it when it has anything
2527 # on the line
2528                 if ($line =~ /}(?!(?:,|;|\)))\S/) {
2529                         ERROR("SPACING",
2530                               "space required after that close brace '}'\n" . $herecurr);
2531                 }
2532
2533 # check spacing on square brackets
2534                 if ($line =~ /\[\s/ && $line !~ /\[\s*$/) {
2535                         ERROR("SPACING",
2536                               "space prohibited after that open square bracket '['\n" . $herecurr);
2537                 }
2538                 if ($line =~ /\s\]/) {
2539                         ERROR("SPACING",
2540                               "space prohibited before that close square bracket ']'\n" . $herecurr);
2541                 }
2542
2543 # check spacing on parentheses
2544                 if ($line =~ /\(\s/ && $line !~ /\(\s*(?:\\)?$/ &&
2545                     $line !~ /for\s*\(\s+;/) {
2546                         ERROR("SPACING",
2547                               "space prohibited after that open parenthesis '('\n" . $herecurr);
2548                 }
2549                 if ($line =~ /(\s+)\)/ && $line !~ /^.\s*\)/ &&
2550                     $line !~ /for\s*\(.*;\s+\)/ &&
2551                     $line !~ /:\s+\)/) {
2552                         ERROR("SPACING",
2553                               "space prohibited before that close parenthesis ')'\n" . $herecurr);
2554                 }
2555
2556 #goto labels aren't indented, allow a single space however
2557                 if ($line=~/^.\s+[A-Za-z\d_]+:(?![0-9]+)/ and
2558                    !($line=~/^. [A-Za-z\d_]+:/) and !($line=~/^.\s+default:/)) {
2559                         WARN("INDENTED_LABEL",
2560                              "labels should not be indented\n" . $herecurr);
2561                 }
2562
2563 # Return is not a function.
2564                 if (defined($stat) && $stat =~ /^.\s*return(\s*)(\(.*);/s) {
2565                         my $spacing = $1;
2566                         my $value = $2;
2567
2568                         # Flatten any parentheses
2569                         $value =~ s/\(/ \(/g;
2570                         $value =~ s/\)/\) /g;
2571                         while ($value =~ s/\[[^\{\}]*\]/1/ ||
2572                                $value !~ /(?:$Ident|-?$Constant)\s*
2573                                              $Compare\s*
2574                                              (?:$Ident|-?$Constant)/x &&
2575                                $value =~ s/\([^\(\)]*\)/1/) {
2576                         }
2577 #print "value<$value>\n";
2578                         if ($value =~ /^\s*(?:$Ident|-?$Constant)\s*$/) {
2579                                 ERROR("RETURN_PARENTHESES",
2580                                       "return is not a function, parentheses are not required\n" . $herecurr);
2581
2582                         } elsif ($spacing !~ /\s+/) {
2583                                 ERROR("SPACING",
2584                                       "space required before the open parenthesis '('\n" . $herecurr);
2585                         }
2586                 }
2587 # Return of what appears to be an errno should normally be -'ve
2588                 if ($line =~ /^.\s*return\s*(E[A-Z]*)\s*;/) {
2589                         my $name = $1;
2590                         if ($name ne 'EOF' && $name ne 'ERROR') {
2591                                 WARN("USE_NEGATIVE_ERRNO",
2592                                      "return of an errno should typically be -ve (return -$1)\n" . $herecurr);
2593                         }
2594                 }
2595
2596 # typecasts on min/max could be min_t/max_t
2597                 if ($line =~ /^\+(?:.*?)\b(min|max)\s*\($Typecast{0,1}($LvalOrFunc)\s*,\s*$Typecast{0,1}($LvalOrFunc)\s*\)/) {
2598                         if (defined $2 || defined $8) {
2599                                 my $call = $1;
2600                                 my $cast1 = deparenthesize($2);
2601                                 my $arg1 = $3;
2602                                 my $cast2 = deparenthesize($8);
2603                                 my $arg2 = $9;
2604                                 my $cast;
2605
2606                                 if ($cast1 ne "" && $cast2 ne "") {
2607                                         $cast = "$cast1 or $cast2";
2608                                 } elsif ($cast1 ne "") {
2609                                         $cast = $cast1;
2610                                 } else {
2611                                         $cast = $cast2;
2612                                 }
2613                                 WARN("MINMAX",
2614                                      "$call() should probably be ${call}_t($cast, $arg1, $arg2)\n" . $herecurr);
2615                         }
2616                 }
2617
2618 # Need a space before open parenthesis after if, while etc
2619                 if ($line=~/\b(if|while|for|switch)\(/) {
2620                         ERROR("SPACING", "space required before the open parenthesis '('\n" . $herecurr);
2621                 }
2622
2623 # Check for illegal assignment in if conditional -- and check for trailing
2624 # statements after the conditional.
2625                 if ($line =~ /do\s*(?!{)/) {
2626                         my ($stat_next) = ctx_statement_block($line_nr_next,
2627                                                 $remain_next, $off_next);
2628                         $stat_next =~ s/\n./\n /g;
2629                         ##print "stat<$stat> stat_next<$stat_next>\n";
2630
2631                         if ($stat_next =~ /^\s*while\b/) {
2632                                 # If the statement carries leading newlines,
2633                                 # then count those as offsets.
2634                                 my ($whitespace) =
2635                                         ($stat_next =~ /^((?:\s*\n[+-])*\s*)/s);
2636                                 my $offset =
2637                                         statement_rawlines($whitespace) - 1;
2638
2639                                 $suppress_whiletrailers{$line_nr_next +
2640                                                                 $offset} = 1;
2641                         }
2642                 }
2643                 if (!defined $suppress_whiletrailers{$linenr} &&
2644                     $line =~ /\b(?:if|while|for)\s*\(/ && $line !~ /^.\s*#/) {
2645                         my ($s, $c) = ($stat, $cond);
2646
2647                         if ($c =~ /\bif\s*\(.*[^<>!=]=[^=].*/s) {
2648                                 ERROR("ASSIGN_IN_IF",
2649                                       "do not use assignment in if condition\n" . $herecurr);
2650                         }
2651
2652                         # Find out what is on the end of the line after the
2653                         # conditional.
2654                         substr($s, 0, length($c), '');
2655                         $s =~ s/\n.*//g;
2656                         $s =~ s/$;//g;  # Remove any comments
2657                         if (length($c) && $s !~ /^\s*{?\s*\\*\s*$/ &&
2658                             $c !~ /}\s*while\s*/)
2659                         {
2660                                 # Find out how long the conditional actually is.
2661                                 my @newlines = ($c =~ /\n/gs);
2662                                 my $cond_lines = 1 + $#newlines;
2663                                 my $stat_real = '';
2664
2665                                 $stat_real = raw_line($linenr, $cond_lines)
2666                                                         . "\n" if ($cond_lines);
2667                                 if (defined($stat_real) && $cond_lines > 1) {
2668                                         $stat_real = "[...]\n$stat_real";
2669                                 }
2670
2671                                 ERROR("TRAILING_STATEMENTS",
2672                                       "trailing statements should be on next line\n" . $herecurr . $stat_real);
2673                         }
2674                 }
2675
2676 # Check for bitwise tests written as boolean
2677                 if ($line =~ /
2678                         (?:
2679                                 (?:\[|\(|\&\&|\|\|)
2680                                 \s*0[xX][0-9]+\s*
2681                                 (?:\&\&|\|\|)
2682                         |
2683                                 (?:\&\&|\|\|)
2684                                 \s*0[xX][0-9]+\s*
2685                                 (?:\&\&|\|\||\)|\])
2686                         )/x)
2687                 {
2688                         WARN("HEXADECIMAL_BOOLEAN_TEST",
2689                              "boolean test with hexadecimal, perhaps just 1 \& or \|?\n" . $herecurr);
2690                 }
2691
2692 # if and else should not have general statements after it
2693                 if ($line =~ /^.\s*(?:}\s*)?else\b(.*)/) {
2694                         my $s = $1;
2695                         $s =~ s/$;//g;  # Remove any comments
2696                         if ($s !~ /^\s*(?:\sif|(?:{|)\s*\\?\s*$)/) {
2697                                 ERROR("TRAILING_STATEMENTS",
2698                                       "trailing statements should be on next line\n" . $herecurr);
2699                         }
2700                 }
2701 # if should not continue a brace
2702                 if ($line =~ /}\s*if\b/) {
2703                         ERROR("TRAILING_STATEMENTS",
2704                               "trailing statements should be on next line\n" .
2705                                 $herecurr);
2706                 }
2707 # case and default should not have general statements after them
2708                 if ($line =~ /^.\s*(?:case\s*.*|default\s*):/g &&
2709                     $line !~ /\G(?:
2710                         (?:\s*$;*)(?:\s*{)?(?:\s*$;*)(?:\s*\\)?\s*$|
2711                         \s*return\s+
2712                     )/xg)
2713                 {
2714                         ERROR("TRAILING_STATEMENTS",
2715                               "trailing statements should be on next line\n" . $herecurr);
2716                 }
2717
2718                 # Check for }<nl>else {, these must be at the same
2719                 # indent level to be relevant to each other.
2720                 if ($prevline=~/}\s*$/ and $line=~/^.\s*else\s*/ and
2721                                                 $previndent == $indent) {
2722                         ERROR("ELSE_AFTER_BRACE",
2723                               "else should follow close brace '}'\n" . $hereprev);
2724                 }
2725
2726                 if ($prevline=~/}\s*$/ and $line=~/^.\s*while\s*/ and
2727                                                 $previndent == $indent) {
2728                         my ($s, $c) = ctx_statement_block($linenr, $realcnt, 0);
2729
2730                         # Find out what is on the end of the line after the
2731                         # conditional.
2732                         substr($s, 0, length($c), '');
2733                         $s =~ s/\n.*//g;
2734
2735                         if ($s =~ /^\s*;/) {
2736                                 ERROR("WHILE_AFTER_BRACE",
2737                                       "while should follow close brace '}'\n" . $hereprev);
2738                         }
2739                 }
2740
2741 #studly caps, commented out until figure out how to distinguish between use of existing and adding new
2742 #               if (($line=~/[\w_][a-z\d]+[A-Z]/) and !($line=~/print/)) {
2743 #                   print "No studly caps, use _\n";
2744 #                   print "$herecurr";
2745 #                   $clean = 0;
2746 #               }
2747
2748 #no spaces allowed after \ in define
2749                 if ($line=~/\#\s*define.*\\\s$/) {
2750                         WARN("WHITESPACE_AFTER_LINE_CONTINUATION",
2751                              "Whitepspace after \\ makes next lines useless\n" . $herecurr);
2752                 }
2753
2754 #warn if <asm/foo.h> is #included and <linux/foo.h> is available (uses RAW line)
2755                 if ($tree && $rawline =~ m{^.\s*\#\s*include\s*\<asm\/(.*)\.h\>}) {
2756                         my $file = "$1.h";
2757                         my $checkfile = "include/linux/$file";
2758                         if (-f "$root/$checkfile" &&
2759                             $realfile ne $checkfile &&
2760                             $1 !~ /$allowed_asm_includes/)
2761                         {
2762                                 if ($realfile =~ m{^arch/}) {
2763                                         CHK("ARCH_INCLUDE_LINUX",
2764                                             "Consider using #include <linux/$file> instead of <asm/$file>\n" . $herecurr);
2765                                 } else {
2766                                         WARN("INCLUDE_LINUX",
2767                                              "Use #include <linux/$file> instead of <asm/$file>\n" . $herecurr);
2768                                 }
2769                         }
2770                 }
2771
2772 # multi-statement macros should be enclosed in a do while loop, grab the
2773 # first statement and ensure its the whole macro if its not enclosed
2774 # in a known good container
2775                 if ($realfile !~ m@/vmlinux.lds.h$@ &&
2776                     $line =~ /^.\s*\#\s*define\s*$Ident(\()?/) {
2777                         my $ln = $linenr;
2778                         my $cnt = $realcnt;
2779                         my ($off, $dstat, $dcond, $rest);
2780                         my $ctx = '';
2781
2782                         my $args = defined($1);
2783
2784                         # Find the end of the macro and limit our statement
2785                         # search to that.
2786                         while ($cnt > 0 && defined $lines[$ln - 1] &&
2787                                 $lines[$ln - 1] =~ /^(?:-|..*\\$)/)
2788                         {
2789                                 $ctx .= $rawlines[$ln - 1] . "\n";
2790                                 $cnt-- if ($lines[$ln - 1] !~ /^-/);
2791                                 $ln++;
2792                         }
2793                         $ctx .= $rawlines[$ln - 1];
2794
2795                         ($dstat, $dcond, $ln, $cnt, $off) =
2796                                 ctx_statement_block($linenr, $ln - $linenr + 1, 0);
2797                         #print "dstat<$dstat> dcond<$dcond> cnt<$cnt> off<$off>\n";
2798                         #print "LINE<$lines[$ln-1]> len<" . length($lines[$ln-1]) . "\n";
2799
2800                         # Extract the remainder of the define (if any) and
2801                         # rip off surrounding spaces, and trailing \'s.
2802                         $rest = '';
2803                         while ($off != 0 || ($cnt > 0 && $rest =~ /\\\s*$/)) {
2804                                 #print "ADDING cnt<$cnt> $off <" . substr($lines[$ln - 1], $off) . "> rest<$rest>\n";
2805                                 if ($off != 0 || $lines[$ln - 1] !~ /^-/) {
2806                                         $rest .= substr($lines[$ln - 1], $off) . "\n";
2807                                         $cnt--;
2808                                 }
2809                                 $ln++;
2810                                 $off = 0;
2811                         }
2812                         $rest =~ s/\\\n.//g;
2813                         $rest =~ s/^\s*//s;
2814                         $rest =~ s/\s*$//s;
2815
2816                         # Clean up the original statement.
2817                         if ($args) {
2818                                 substr($dstat, 0, length($dcond), '');
2819                         } else {
2820                                 $dstat =~ s/^.\s*\#\s*define\s+$Ident\s*//;
2821                         }
2822                         $dstat =~ s/$;//g;
2823                         $dstat =~ s/\\\n.//g;
2824                         $dstat =~ s/^\s*//s;
2825                         $dstat =~ s/\s*$//s;
2826
2827                         # Flatten any parentheses and braces
2828                         while ($dstat =~ s/\([^\(\)]*\)/1/ ||
2829                                $dstat =~ s/\{[^\{\}]*\}/1/ ||
2830                                $dstat =~ s/\[[^\{\}]*\]/1/)
2831                         {
2832                         }
2833
2834                         my $exceptions = qr{
2835                                 $Declare|
2836                                 module_param_named|
2837                                 MODULE_PARAM_DESC|
2838                                 DECLARE_PER_CPU|
2839                                 DEFINE_PER_CPU|
2840                                 __typeof__\(|
2841                                 union|
2842                                 struct|
2843                                 \.$Ident\s*=\s*|
2844                                 ^\"|\"$
2845                         }x;
2846                         #print "REST<$rest> dstat<$dstat> ctx<$ctx>\n";
2847                         if ($rest ne '' && $rest ne ',') {
2848                                 if ($rest !~ /while\s*\(/ &&
2849                                     $dstat !~ /$exceptions/)
2850                                 {
2851                                         ERROR("MULTISTATEMENT_MACRO_USE_DO_WHILE",
2852                                               "Macros with multiple statements should be enclosed in a do - while loop\n" . "$here\n$ctx\n");
2853                                 }
2854
2855                         } elsif ($ctx !~ /;/) {
2856                                 if ($dstat ne '' &&
2857                                     $dstat !~ /^(?:$Ident|-?$Constant)$/ &&
2858                                     $dstat !~ /$exceptions/ &&
2859                                     $dstat !~ /^\.$Ident\s*=/ &&
2860                                     $dstat =~ /$Operators/)
2861                                 {
2862                                         ERROR("COMPLEX_MACRO",
2863                                               "Macros with complex values should be enclosed in parenthesis\n" . "$here\n$ctx\n");
2864                                 }
2865                         }
2866                 }
2867
2868 # make sure symbols are always wrapped with VMLINUX_SYMBOL() ...
2869 # all assignments may have only one of the following with an assignment:
2870 #       .
2871 #       ALIGN(...)
2872 #       VMLINUX_SYMBOL(...)
2873                 if ($realfile eq 'vmlinux.lds.h' && $line =~ /(?:(?:^|\s)$Ident\s*=|=\s*$Ident(?:\s|$))/) {
2874                         WARN("MISSING_VMLINUX_SYMBOL",
2875                              "vmlinux.lds.h needs VMLINUX_SYMBOL() around C-visible symbols\n" . $herecurr);
2876                 }
2877
2878 # check for redundant bracing round if etc
2879                 if ($line =~ /(^.*)\bif\b/ && $1 !~ /else\s*$/) {
2880                         my ($level, $endln, @chunks) =
2881                                 ctx_statement_full($linenr, $realcnt, 1);
2882                         #print "chunks<$#chunks> linenr<$linenr> endln<$endln> level<$level>\n";
2883                         #print "APW: <<$chunks[1][0]>><<$chunks[1][1]>>\n";
2884                         if ($#chunks > 0 && $level == 0) {
2885                                 my $allowed = 0;
2886                                 my $seen = 0;
2887                                 my $herectx = $here . "\n";
2888                                 my $ln = $linenr - 1;
2889                                 for my $chunk (@chunks) {
2890                                         my ($cond, $block) = @{$chunk};
2891
2892                                         # If the condition carries leading newlines, then count those as offsets.
2893                                         my ($whitespace) = ($cond =~ /^((?:\s*\n[+-])*\s*)/s);
2894                                         my $offset = statement_rawlines($whitespace) - 1;
2895